Steel Hardening in Low Concentration of Polyacrylamide Water Polymer Solutions

International Journal of Applied Physics
© 2020 by SSRG - IJAP Journal
Volume 7 Issue 3
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Nikolai I. Kobasko
: 10.14445/23500301/IJAP-V7I3P101

MLA Style:

Nikolai I. Kobasko, "Steel Hardening in Low Concentration of Polyacrylamide Water Polymer Solutions" SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 7.3 (2020): 1-6.

APA Style:

Nikolai I. Kobasko,(2020). Steel Hardening in Low Concentration of Polyacrylamide Water Polymer Solutions. SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 17(3), 1-6.


 The paper's idea is considering the possibility of using a low concentration of polyacrylamide water solutions as a quenchant for uniform and intensive hardening of machine components and tools. An advanced method of prediction microstructure and mechanical properties of steel in large hardened products are also considered. The idea consists of comparing cooling curves in small probes and large steel components during their quenching. It is assumed that cooling curves are the same if m exponent factors are equal between each other. This new approach provides more accurate prediction as compared with the existing method, which is based on a calculation cooling rate at a temperature 700oC. It is underlined in the paper that primary attention should be paid to software development to govern correctly quenching process to receive essential benefits. The cost of polyacrylamide water solutions insignificantly prevails the cost of plain technical water due to deficient concentration and low cost of polyacrylamide. Customers can prepare polyacrylamide water solutions by themselves, providing appropriate control of quenching processes.


[1] Kobasko N. I. , Quenchants, In a book “Metal Science and Heat Treatment” , Edition 23, L. Petrova (Ed.), VINITI, Moscow, 1988, 127.
[2] Kobasko N. I., Aronov M. A., Powell J. A., Totten G. E., “Intensive Quenching Systems: Engineering and Design”. ASTM International, USA, 2010. 234 p. doi: 10.1520/mnl64-eb.
[3] Kobasko N., “New approach in modifying quenching processes based on possibility of controlling steel’s surface temperature by insulating layer”, EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, 2018, Number 6, pp. 54 – 62. doi: 10.21303/2461-4262.2018.00788. Polietilenoksid. Available at:
[4] Polietilenoksid. Available at:
[5] Balley FE, Koleske JV, Poly (Ethylene Oxyde). Elsevier, 1976. 184. doi: b978-0-12-073250-0.x5001-6
[6] Kobasko N. I., “A universal correlation for the calculation of heating and cooling time of any steel”, Materials Performance and Characterization, 2017, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 551 – 565. doi:10.1520/MPC20170034. Available online at
[7] Kobasko N.I. , Mechanism of film elimination when intensively quenching steel parts in water polymer solutions of low concentration, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research – A: Physics and Space Science, Vol. 20, Issue 7, 2020, pp. 39 –56.
[8] Tolubinsky, V. I., Heat Transfer at Boiling, Naukova Dumka, Kyiv, 1980.
[9] Guseynov Sh.E., Kobasko N. I., On one non – linear mathematical model for intensive steel quenching and its analytical solution in closed form. In a book: “Theoretical and Experimental Aspects of Heat and Mass Transfer“ , WSEAS Press, Acapulco, Mexico, 2008, pp. 110 - 115. ISBN: 978-060-6766-31-2.
[10] Kobasko N. I., Guseynov Sh. E., Initial heat flux densities and duration of non – stationary nucleate boiling during quenching. In a book: “Theoretical and Experimental Aspects of Heat and Mass Transfer“ , WSEAS Press, Acapulco, Mexico, 2008, pp. 104 - 109. ISBN: 978-060-6766-31-2.
[11] Lykov, A. V., Teoriya Teploprovodnosti (Theory of Heat Conductivity). Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola, 1967. 600.
[12] Kondrat’ev, G. M., Regulyarnyi Teplovoy Rezhim (Regular Thermal Mode), Gostekhizdat, Moscow, 1954, 364 .
[13] Kondrat’ev, G. M., Teplovye Izmereniya (Thermal measurements), Mashgiz, Moscow, 1957, 250.
[14] Kobasko N., Guseynov Sh., Rimshans J., “Core Hardness and Microstructure Prediction in Any Steel Part”. Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, 2019, 104 p. IBSN-13: 978-613-9-94751-5
[15] Deyneko L, Kobasko N, “Simplified method of forecasting the influence of cooling intensity during hardening on the mechanical properties of steel products”, Technology audit and production reserves — № 4/1(54), 2020, ISSN (print) 2664-9969, ISSN (on-line) 2706-5448 . DOI: 10.15587/2312-
[16] Hemant Kumar Limbu , Raju Prasad Ghimire, Anoj Kumar Joshi and Gayatri Prasad Adhikari, "Assessment of Mixing Properties of Bi-In liquid alloy at different temperatures" SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 6.2 (2019): 14-21.

Key Words:

Water Polymer, Steel