Assessment of Mixing Properties of Bi-In liquid alloy at different temperatures
|International Journal of Applied Physics|
|© 2019 by SSRG - IJAP Journal|
|Volume 6 Issue 2|
|Year of Publication : 2019|
|Authors : Hemant Kumar Limbu , Raju Prasad Ghimire, Anoj Kumar Joshi and Gayatri Prasad Adhikari|
Hemant Kumar Limbu , Raju Prasad Ghimire, Anoj Kumar Joshi and Gayatri Prasad Adhikari, "Assessment of Mixing Properties of Bi-In liquid alloy at different temperatures" SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 6.2 (2019): 14-21.
Hemant Kumar Limbu , Raju Prasad Ghimire, Anoj Kumar Joshi and Gayatri Prasad Adhikari,(2019). Assessment of Mixing Properties of Bi-In liquid alloy at different temperatures. SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 6(2), 14-21.
Regular Solution model have been used to describe thermodynamic properties, transport properties and structural properties. The interaction energy is temperature dependent and played an important role to explain the properties of Bi-In liquid alloy at different temperatures. The theoretical values of interchange energy at different temperatures are obtained by best fit parameter approximation with the help of experimental values at 900K. The properties have been studied with the help of computed theoretical interchange energy at different temperatures as all properties of our study in this model is dependent on it. The properties are analyzed on theoretical basis. Comparison of theoretical and experimental values at 900K shows that they are in good agreement.
 K. Suganuma,Lead-Free Soldering in Electronics, CRC Press, 1st edition, December 2003.
 R. Novakovic, D. Giuranno, E. Ricci, T. Lanata, S. Amore “Experimental and Computational investigation of intermetallic systems: A Special Issue Dedicated to Prof. Riccardo Ferro,” Calphad, Issue 1, Volume 33, 69, 2009.
 D.R. Frear, J.W. Jang, J.K. Lin, C. Zhang, JOM (Applied Material Science and Engineering), Vol.53, Issue 6, 28-33,2001.
 I. Kirschner, J. Bankuti, G. Kiss, I. Kovacs, L. Laszloffy, G. Remenyi And K. Sajo , “Magnetic properties of Superconducting In-Bi alloys,” Soviet Physics- Journal of Experimental and theoretical physics, , Vol.3,No.39,1054-1058, 1974.
 R. Hultgren, P. D. Desai, D. T. Hawkins, M. Gleiser and K. K. Kelley, “ selected Values of the Thermodynamic Properties of Binary Alloys,” Metal Park, ASM International, Ohio, 1973.
 Okamoto, H., Massalski, T.B. Phase Diagrams of Indium Alloys and Their Engineering Applications, in: C.E.T. White, H. Okamoto (Eds.), Monograph Series on Alloy Phase Diagrams, ASM International, Materials Park, Ohio, pp. 46-54, 1992.
 V.T. Witusiewicz, U. Hecht, B. Bottger, S. Rex, J. “Thermodynamic Re-Optimization of the Bi-In-Sn System based on New Experimental Data,” Journal of alloys and compounds, 428(1), pp. 115-124, Jan. 2007.
 K. K. Mishra, H. K. Limbu, B. Yadav, A.K. Khan, I.S. Jha, D. Adhikari, “Thermodynamic, structural, surface and transport properties of Zn-Cd liquid alloy at 800K,” Bibechana, 54- 65,2017.
 R. N. Singh and F. Sommer, “Segregation and immiscibility in liquid binary alloys,” Reports Prog. Phys., vol. 60, no. 1, pp. 57– 150, Jan. 1997.
 T. Tanaka, K. Hack, T. Iida and Hara, “Application of thermodynamic databases to the evaluation of surface tensions of molten alloys, salt mixtures and oxide mixtures,” Zeitschrift Fuer Met., vol. 87, pp. 380–389, 1996.
 P.J. Flory, “Thermodynamics of High Polymer Solutions,” J. Chem. Phys. 10 (1942) 51.P.J. Flory, J. Chem. Phys. 10 (1942) 51.
 E.A. Guggenheim, “Mixture” Oxford University Press, Oxford. (1952).
 E. A. Moelwyn - Hughes, “Physical Chemistry,” Oxford, London : Longmans Green and Co., 1974.
 H. K. Limbu, K. K. Mishra, J. Nirala, I.S. Jha, B.P. Singh, D. Adhikari, “Thermodynamic, microscopic and surface Properties of Zn-In liquid alloy at 700K,” IOSR Journal of applied Physics (IOSR-JAP), 2278- 4861.Volume 9, Issue 1 Ver. I , PP. 58-66. (Jan. – Feb.), 2017.
 A. B. Bhatia, W. H. Hargrove, and N. H. March, “Concentration fluctuations in conformal solutions and partial structure factor in alloys,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 621–630,Feb.1973.
 A. B. Bhatia and V. K. Ratti, “Number concerntration strucure factors and their long wave-length limit in
multicomponent fluid mixture,” Phys. Chem. Liq., vol. 6, pp. 201–213, 1977.
 B. P. Alblas, C. van der Marel, W. Geertsma, J. A. Meijer, A. B. van Oosten, J. Dijkstra, P.C. Stein, and W. van der Lugt, “Experimental results for liquid alkali-group IV alloys,” J. Non. Cryst. Solids, vol. 61–62, pp. 201–206, Jan. 1984.
 R. N. Singh and F. Sommer, Thermodynamic investigation of Viscosity and diffusion in binary liquid alloys. Phys. Chem. Liq. Vol. 36 , pp. 17-28, 1998 .
 J. M. Cowley, “An Approximate Theory of Order in Alloys,” Phys. Rev., vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 669–675, Mar. 1950.
 E. A. Brandes and G.B. Brook, Ed., Smithells Metals Reference Book, 7th edition, Butterworth-Heinemann Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford, 1992.
 R.N. Singh and A.B. Bhatia, “Flory’s formula for the entropy of mixing of NaCs alloy,” J. Phys. F:Met.Phys. Vol. 14, 2309-2314, 1984.
 F. E. Neale and N. E. Cusack, “Thermodynamic properties of liquid sodium-caesium alloys” J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 12, 2839, 1982.
 A. B. Bhatia and R. N. Singh, “Thermodynamic Properties of Compound Forming Molten Alloys in a Weak Interaction Approximation,” Phys. Chem. Liq., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 343– 351, May 1982.
 B. E. Warren, X-ray diffraction, Addison-Wesley, Reading MA, 1969
Regular solution model, order energy parameter, Thermodynamic properties, Transport properties, Structural properties, Different temperatures.