Design and Construction of a Multichannel Microcontroller Based Seismograph for Field and laboratory Use

International Journal of Applied Physics
© 2019 by SSRG - IJAP Journal
Volume 6 Issue 2
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Obianwu, I.V, Akpabio, I.O, Adeniran.A.O, Akanpo, A.O , Umoren, E.B.
: 10.14445/23500301/IJAP-V6I2P110

MLA Style:

Obianwu, I.V, Akpabio, I.O, Adeniran.A.O, Akanpo, A.O , Umoren, E.B., "Design and Construction of a Multichannel Microcontroller Based Seismograph for Field and laboratory Use" SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 6.2 (2019): 68-72.

APA Style:

Obianwu, I.V, Akpabio, I.O, Adeniran.A.O, Akanpo, A.O , Umoren, E.B.,(2019). Design and Construction of a Multichannel Microcontroller Based Seismograph for Field and laboratory Use. SSRG International Journal of Applied Physics 6(2), 68-72.


The recent integration of technology requires today’s geosciences students to develop solid geotechnical skills. Advances in analog to digital technology and the availability of low cost integrated circuits, microprocessors, microcontrollers and high capacity Laptops enable easy and inexpensive construction of a multi-channel seismic data collection system that can be used to teach students the fundamentals of seismology and also for the collection of natural and artificial seismic data acquisition. In this research the step by step of design, construction, programming and coding of the real time, smart multichannel microcontroller based seismograph was constructed and the analysis was done to ascertain the functionality of the system for field and classroom work. The system comprises of over six different units such as the pre-amplification unit, filtering unit, amplification unit and the Analog to Digital conversion as well the sensing unit. ATmega 8 was used as the microcontroller unit and was programmed using C-language, the filtering section was made up of four different filters (Low Pass, High Pass, Band Pass and All Pass) this is to allow the system to be able to sense and read any frequency no matter how small and each filter units are referred to as channel. Relay was used to select the channel after receiving instruction from the GUI. Graphical User Interface (GUI) software was written using a simple VisualBasic.Net system, it sends and receive signal in real-time which is displayed in waveform on the screen of a computer. The system shows a perfect accuracy and precision in measurement and expected conformity with the existing seismograph. The achievability of this purpose would increase the practical knowledge of students undergoing courses such as geophysics, geology and civil-engineering, us reduce foreign exchange also save life’s and properties of Nigerians and will be a source of income to the Department of Physics and University of Uyo in general if it could be invested on for mass production.


[1] Anthony, A. Aaby (2004). Introduction to Programming Languages, version 0.9, pg 205 300.Walla Walla College, College Place, WA 99324.
[2] Abishek,T.K, Maneesha V.R and Vijayan S. (2010).“Signal Processing for Wireless Geophone Network to Detect Landslide” International Conference on Computer Applications andIndustrial Electronics (ICCAIE 2010) Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia December 2010.
[3] Agnew, D.C, Berger, Bulard, Farrel and Gilbert (1976). International development of accelerometer a network for very long period seismology EOS 5714 180-188.
[4] Agoston Katalin (2008). “Microcontroller Based System for Vibration analysis” IEEE Xplore August 2008.Automation Quality and Testing Robotics, IEEE International Conference.
[5] Andowase, J. Shiwna “Seismometry in Nigeria, the need for earthquake-resistant structures. Budonirictwo 19.
[6] Balachandran.S.Ramesh, M and Gorindaya, S. (2016). “Earthquake Early Warning System Based on Multiple Sensor Network” International Journal of Science Technology and Engineering. Vol.2, Issue 10, April 2016.
[7] Block B and Moore R.D (1970). “Tidal to Seismic Frequency Investigations with a Quartz Accelerometer of new Geometry” Geophysics, Res, 75 (18), pp 4361 -4375.
[8] Bianca, Florinel-Gabriel (2012). Chemical Sensors and Biosensors: Fundamentals and Applications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons. p. 576. ISBN 978-1-118-35423-0.
[9] Cavalli, (1785). “Seismoscope Orario a Mecuria” Webpage at Istituto Nazionaledi Geofisciae Vulcanolo {Translation of Viade Vigna Murata 605, 00143, Rome Italy.
[10] Collette, C, Carmona. P, Janssen, S, Artoos, K. and Guinchard, C. (2011). “Review of Sensors for low frequency Seismic Vibration Measurement”. CERN, ATS/Note/2011/001 (TECH).
[11] Chae, M.J and Yoo, S.H. (2006). “Bridge Monitoring System Using Wireless Network (CDMA and ZIGBEE).
[12] De Quarvain and Piccard (1924). “Description du Seismograph Universal de 21 Tones System Quarvain-Picard Publication Bureau Centre Seism Int.Ser. A,4(32)
[13] Dewey, J. and Byerly (1969). “The early History of Seismometry (1900)” Bull Seismic. Soc. Am 59(1) 183-227
[14] Ewing N.M, Jardetzky, W. S and Press F. (1995). “Elastic waves in layered media” McGraw Hill, N.Y. pp380.
[15] Feng, Z (2011). “The Seismic Signature of the 2009 Shaolin Landslide in Taiwan”. International Hazard Earth System Science 2011.
[16] Galitzin, B. (1914). Valesungen Uber Seismometry B.G Tanbner, Leipzig and Berlin.
[17] Hamish Avery (2006). “The Development of a Low Cost Strong Motion Seismograph Dept. Of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury Christchurch, New Zealand. (Unpublished).
[18] Honn K, Chih-Wein, Rong, Chien-Hsin, (2012). “Locating Monitoring and Characterizing Typhoon induced Landslide with Real Time Seismic Signals”. International Landslides 9,557-563 (2012).
[19] Huang, C.J, Yeh, .C, and Change, S.T (2008). “Ground Vibration and Airborne Sounds Generated by motion of Rock in River Bed” International Hazard System 8, 1139-1147 (2008).

Key Words:

Seismograph, ATmega, GUI, multi-channel and Interface.