Experimental Investigation On Di Diesel Engine Powered By Macro And Micro Algae Methyl As Fuel
|International Journal of Mechanical Engineering|
|© 2020 by SSRG - IJME Journal|
|Volume 7 Issue 2|
|Year of Publication : 2020|
|Authors : R.Panchamoorthy, R.Velappan, M.Kannan, M.Thambidurai|
R.Panchamoorthy, R.Velappan, M.Kannan, M.Thambidurai, "Experimental Investigation On Di Diesel Engine Powered By Macro And Micro Algae Methyl As Fuel" SSRG International Journal of Mechanical Engineering 7.2 (2020): 16-20.
R.Panchamoorthy, R.Velappan, M.Kannan, M.Thambidurai,(2020). Experimental Investigation On Di Diesel Engine Powered By Macro And Micro Algae Methyl As Fuel. SSRG International Journal of Mechanical Engineering 7(2), 16-20.
Biodiesel as a renewable and sustainable alternative fuel has gained importance in recent times. Biodiesel can be replaced to fossil fuel. It has lower emission. In third generation algae are alternative fuel to mineral diesel. Algae have better feedstock for production of biodiesel. It macro type of algae are naturally available in waste land and coastal area In micro type of algae are cultivated in river, open pond, tank. The algae has higher lipid content and cultivation period are low compare toothers.In this study the macro and micro are choosen for production biodiesel. The both macro and micro are harvested ,filtered, dried and powdered. The powdered of macro and micro algae sample are subjected into soxhlet chemical apparatus used to extract the lipid content in repeated washing with help of solvent such as isopropanal and N-hexane.The extracted lipid converted into algae methyl ester (AME) through transesterification process.Physio and Chemical properties of macro and micro AME were analyzed and tabulated.AME blended with neat diesel in the ratio of macro and micro AME20,AME100 . The optimized blend of AME20 macro and micro are compared to diesel. The test was conducted in single cylinder water cooled DI diesel Engine.The break thermal efficiency of optimized blend in microAME20 is higher than compared to macro AME20 and neat diesel. In the maximum load. Hydrocarbon(HC) emission is also reduced in both macro and micro AME20 for all loads. The smoke density and NOx of both are lower compare to diesel at maximum load.
 ChoongsikBae, JaeheunKim “Alternative fuels for internal combustion engines” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Volume 36, Issue 3, 2017, 3389-3413
 Ahmed Taha, Tarek Abdel-salam, Madhu Vellakal “Alternative Fuels For Internal Combustion Engines: An Overview of The Current Research” International Energy and Environment Foundation, 2013.
 R. Velappan, S.Sivaprakasam , “Investigation of Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Using Bio Diesel from Marine Algae”, Materials Science, 2014.
 Abdulaziz Atabani (A.E. Atabani), “Alternative Fuels Research Progress” International Energy and Environmental Foundation, Jan 2013, pp.187-278.
 N.V.Mahesh Babu Talupula, Dr.P.Srinivasa Rao, Dr.B.Sudheer Prem Kumar, Ch.Praveen, “Alternative Fuels for Internal Combustion Engines: Overview of current research” SSRG International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (SSRG - IJME) – Volume 4 Issue 4–April 2017
 Venkata Ramesh Mamilla1, M. V. Mallikarjun and G. Lakshmi Narayana Rao, “Performance analysis of IC engines with bio-diesel jatropha methyl ester (JME) blends” Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternatives Fuel, Vol. 4(5), May 2013, pp. 90-93
 JinlinXue, Tony E.Grift, Alan C.Hansen, “Effect of biodiesel on engine performances and emissions” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 15, Issue 2, Feb 2011, 1098-1116
 Md. Saiful Islam, Abu Saleh Ahmed, Aminul Islam, Sidek Abdul Aziz, Low Chyi Xian and Moniruzzaman Mridha, Study on Emission and Performance of Diesel Engine Using Castor Biodiesel” Journal of Chemistry, 2014
 Rachan Karmakar, Krishnendu Kundu and Anita Rajor, “Fuel properties and emission characteristics of biodiesel produced from unused algae grown in India” Petroleum Science volume 15, 385–395(2018)
 An H, Yang WM, Chou SK, Chua KJ, “Combustion and emission characteristics of diesel engine fuelled by biodiesel at partial load conditions” Appl. Energy. (2012), 363–71.
 Amano-Boadu V, Pfromm PH, Nelson R, “Economic feasibility of algal biodiesel under alternative public policies”. Renew Energy (2014)136–42.
 Costa JAV, Moraise MG, “The role of biochemical engineering in the production of biofuels from microalgae” Bioresour Technol (2011) 2–9.
 Karmakar R, Rajor A, Kundu K, Kumar N. Production of biodiesel from unused algal biomass in Punjab, India. Pet Sci. 2018.
 Sumit DH, Kumar T, Halder G, “Biodiesel synthesis from Hevea brasiliensis oil employing carbon supported heterogeneous catalyst: Optimization by Taguchi method”. Renew Energy. (2016) 506–14.
 Ponnusamy S, Reddy HK, Muppaneni T, Downes CM, Deng S. “Life cycle assessment of biodiesel production from algal bio-crude oils extracted under subcritical water conditions” Bioresour Technol. (2014) 454–61.
AME, HC, Break Thermal Efficiency