Pre-treatment and Salt-Free Reactive Dyeing of Cotton materials Using Chitosan Extracted from Oreochromis Niloticus Scales

International Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering
© 2020 by SSRG - IJPTE Journal
Volume 7 Issue 2
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Kathikeyan M Ramasamy, Tolera Seda Badessa, Tekle Gutena Gudeta
: 10.14445/23942592/IJPTE-V7I2P101
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Citation:
MLA Style:

Kathikeyan M Ramasamy, Tolera Seda Badessa, Tekle Gutena Gudeta, "Pre-treatment and Salt-Free Reactive Dyeing of Cotton materials Using Chitosan Extracted from Oreochromis Niloticus Scales" SSRG International Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering 7.2 (2020): 1-8.

APA Style:

Kathikeyan M Ramasamy, Tolera Seda Badessa, Tekle Gutena Gudeta, (2020). Pre-treatment and Salt-Free Reactive Dyeing of Cotton materials Using Chitosan Extracted from Oreochromis Niloticus Scales. SSRG International Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering 7(2), 1-8.

Abstract:

The coloration of cotton textiles is an important process for ornamenting the textile to emphasize the appearances and marketing potential. Cotton dyeing requires more amounts of common salt as an exhausting agent so as to penetrate the dye molecules into the interior structure of cotton and therefore the used common salt is not fully consumed within the process and drained as waste and makes more load within the effluent treatment process. Hence an idea has been made to reduce the load of effluent treatment and the problem to the environment use of an enormous amount of sodium chloride is replaced with the Chitosan extracted from the scale waste of Oreochromis Niloticus. The Chitosan was extracted from the thrown away wastes of Oreochromis Niloticus using the deacetylation reaction process. The extracted Chitosan was used as for the modification of cellulose structure of cotton, dyed with cotton material, and compared with conventional reactive dyeing using common salt as an exhausting agent. The effect of the use of extracted Chitosan in reactive dyeing as the exhausting agent was studied by testing washing fastness, rubbing fastness, light fastness, and environment testes BOD, COD, TDS and TSS values. It was found that the dye uptake was excellent and therefore the fastness properties were also excellent. The impact of dye effluent to the environment also found marginally by using extracted Chitosan was less as compared to sodium chloride load to the environment. it had been determined that the utilization of extracted Chitosan in cotton reactive dyeing was more active.

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Key Words:

Cotton dyeing; Chitosan; Oreochromis Niloticus Scales; Extraction