Effect of Fiber Content on Comfort Properties of Cotton/Spandex, Rayon/Spandex, and Polyester/Spandex Single Jersey Knitted Fabrics
|International Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering|
|© 2018 by SSRG - IJPTE Journal|
|Volume 5 Issue 3|
|Year of Publication : 2018|
|Authors : Shuvo Kumar Kundu, Usha Chowdhary|
Shuvo Kumar Kundu, Usha Chowdhary, "Effect of Fiber Content on Comfort Properties of Cotton/Spandex, Rayon/Spandex, and Polyester/Spandex Single Jersey Knitted Fabrics" SSRG International Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering 5.3 (2018): 33-39.
Shuvo Kumar Kundu, Usha Chowdhary, (2018). Effect of Fiber Content on Comfort Properties of Cotton/Spandex, Rayon/Spandex, and Polyester/Spandex Single Jersey Knitted Fabrics. SSRG International Journal of Polymer and Textile Engineering 5(3), 33-39.
Comfort influences consumers’ buying decision regarding textile and apparel product. In this study, comfort related properties of three different single jersey knit fabrics were tested. All fabrics had 5% spandex as a common factor. Spandex was blended with cotton, rayon, and polyester. Three comfort related attributes studied for the investigation were stretch and recovery, air permeability and horizontal wicking. Presence of spandex in knitted structure expected to enhance stretch and recovery hence flexibility and comfort in garments. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the influence of cotton, rayon, and polyester on selected comfort properties of textile materials. ANOVA and t-test were used to test the hypotheses. Findings revealed significant differences among the three types of knits. Results can be used by textile and apparel professionals, retailer, and consumers alike. Research can be extended to include additional structural and performance variables.
 R. Guruprasad, M. V. Vivekanandan, A. Arputharaj, S. Saxena and S. K. Chattopadhyay, "Development of cottonrich/polylactic acid fiber blend knitted fabrics for sports textiles," Journal of Industrial Textiles, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 405-415, 2015.
 U. Chowdhary, ―Textile analysis, quality control and innovative uses,‖ New York, NY: LINUS, 2009
 B. A. Knight, S. P. Hersh and P. Brown, "Moisture Characteristics of Some Knit Fabrics Made From Blend Yarns," Textile Research Journal, vol. 40, pp. 843-851, 1970.
 C. Keist, S. Kadolph and S. B. Marcketti, "Rayon’s Introduction to U.S. Consumers, 1911–1924," Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 45-47, 2012.
 A. B. Marmarali, "Dimensional and physical properties of cotton/spandex single jersey fabrics," Textile Research Journal, vol. 73, no. 1, p. 11 –14, 2003.
 K. Nuray, N. Ucar and B. Gorgun, "Analysis of some comfort and structural properties of cotton/spandex plain and 1×1 rib knitted fabrics," The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 606-613, 2016.
 S. Tezel and Y. Kavusturan, "Experimental investigation of effects of spandex brand and tightness factor on dimensional and physical properties of cotton/ spandex single jersey fabrics," Textile Research Journal, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 966-976, 2008.
 E. Onofrei, A. M. Rocha and A. Catarino, "Investigating the effect of moisture on the thermal comfort properties of functional elastic fabrics," Journal of Industrial Textiles, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 34-51, 2011.
 S. K. An, H. J. Gam and H. Cao, "Evaluating Thermal and Sensorial Performance of Organic Cotton, Bamboo-Blended, and Soybean-Blended Fabrics," Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 157-166, 2013.
 E. Haque, M. F. Rahman, H. Jamal and M. R. Amin, "Effect of Stitch Length and Yarn Count on Grey and Finished Widths of 1x1 Flat Knit Fabric," Annals of The University of Oradea Fascicle of Textiles, Leatherwork, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 71-77, 2012.
 L. H. Hsu and L. Cheek, "Dimensional Stability of Ramie, Cotton and Rayon Knit Fabrics," Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 32-36, 1989.
 Y. Beceren, C. Candan, S. Cimilli and K. Ulger, "Properties of plain knits from siro-spun viscose/spandex yarns," Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 41-46, 2010.
 S. Benltoufa, F. Fayala and M. Cheikhrouhou, "Porosity determination of jersey structure," Autex Research Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 63-69, 2007.
 C. N. Herath and B. C. Kang, "Dimensional stability of core spun cotton/spandex single jersey fabrics under relaxation," Textile Research Journal, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 209-216, 2008.
 E. E. Clulow, "The assessment of comfort," The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 322-323, 1987.
 M. Umair, T. Hussain, K. Shaker, Y. Nawab, M. Maqsood and M. Jabber, "Effect of woven fabric structure on the air permeability and moisture management properties," The Journal of The Textile Institute, vol. 170, no. 5, pp. 596-605, 2016.
 M. K. Ozturk, B. Nergis and C. Candan, "A study of wicking properties of cotton-acrylic yarns and knitted fabrics," Textile Research Journal, vol. 81, no. 3, pp. 324-328, 2011.
 I. Ozen, E. Cincik and S. Simsek, "Thermal comfort properties of simulated multilayered diaper structures in dry and wet conditions," Journal of Industrial Textiles, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 256-278, 2016.
 G. Sule, "Investigation of bending and drape properties of woven fabrics and the effects of fabric constructional parameters and warp tension on these properties," vol. 82, no. 8, pp. 810-819, 2012.
 H. Wang, P. Lui and F. Wang, "Fabric skin friction property measurement system," International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 285-296, 2010.
 I. Frydrych, G. Dziworska and J. Bilska, "Comparative analysis of the thermal insulation properties of fabrics made of natural and man-made cellulose fibres," Fibers & Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 38, pp. 40-44, 2002.
 P. Birrfelder, D. Marko, C. Roth and R. M. Rossi, "Effect of fiber count and knit structure on intra- and inter-yarn transport of liquid water," Textile Research Journal, vol. 83, no. 14, pp. 1477-1488, 2013.
 C. Prakash, G. Ramakrishnan, K. Mani and S. Keerthana, "An investigation of the relationship between blend ratio, linear density and loop length on geometrical and air permeability properties of bamboo cotton-knitted fabrics," International Journal of Fashion Design, Technology and Education, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 228-234, 2015.
 S. Sundaramoorthy, P. K. Nallampalayam and S. Jayaraman, "Airpermeability of multilayer woven fabric systems," The Journal of the Textile Institute, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 189-202, 2011.
 A. Das, V. K. Kothari and A. Sadachar, "Comfort characteristics of fabrics made of compact yarns," Fibers and polymers, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 116-122, 2007.
 S. Cimilli, B. Nergis, C. Candan and M. Ozdemir, "A comparative study of some comfort related properties of socks from different fiber types," Textile Research Journal, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 948-957, 2009.
 B. Wilbik-Hałgas, R. Danych, B. Wiecek and K. Kowalski, "Air and water vapour permeability in double-layered knitted fabrics with different raw materials," Fibres&Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 77-80, 2006.
 R. Fangueiro, A. Filgueiras and S. F, "Wicking Behavior and Drying Capability of Functional Knitted Fabrics," Textile Research Journal, vol. 80, no. 15, p. 1522–1530, 2010.
 G. Mohsen and R. Bagherzadeh, "Moisture management behaviors of high wicking fabrics composed of profiled Fibres," Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, vol. 41, pp. 318-324, 2016.
 C. Prahsarn, "Factors Influencing Liquid and Moisture Vapor Transport in Knit Fabrics (Doctoral dissertation)," Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. 3029634, pp. 1-206, 2001.
 M. Sudnik, Z, ―27—Stretch and Recovery Properties of Apparel Fabrics Containing Nylon 6.6 False-Twist Crimped Yarn,‖ J. J. Text. Inst. Trans., vol. 57, no. 8, pp. T321–T336, 1966.
 M. Senthilkumar, S. Sounderraj, and N. Anbumani, ―Effect of Spandex Input Tension, Spandex Linear Density and Cotton Yarn Loop Length on Dynamic Elastic Behavior of Cotton/Spandex Knitted Fabrics,‖ Artic. Des. Ref. JTATM, 2012.
 O. Troynikov, E. Ashayeri, M. Burton, A. Subic, F. Alam, and S. Marteau, ―Factors influencing the effectiveness of compression garments used in sports,‖ in Procedia Engineering, 2010.
 M. Yanılmaz and F. Kalaoğlu, ―Investigation of wicking, wetting and drying properties of acrylic knitted fabrics,‖ Text. Res. J., 2012.
 J. Umar, T. Hussain, and M. Maqsood, ―Modeling the mechanical and compression properties of polyamide/elastane knitted fabrics used in compression sportswear,‖ J. Text. Inst., 2016.
 M. Gorji, and R. Bagherzadeh, ―Moisture management behaviors of high wicking fabrics composed of profiled‖ Fibres. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, vol. 41, pp. 318-324, 2016.
Knit, Single Jersey, Cotton, Rayon, Polyester, Spandex, Comfort, Air Permeability, Stretch and Recovery, Count, Wicking, Thickness, Fabric Weight.