Climate Index for Estimating Nutmeg Plant Suitability under Tropical Rainforests in Maluku Province, Indonesia

International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science
© 2018 by SSRG - IJAES Journal
Volume 5 Issue 6
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Ahmad Basir, Risma Neswati, Sumbangan Baja, Christianto Lopulisa
: 10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V5I6P105
pdf
Citation:
MLA Style:

Ahmad Basir, Risma Neswati, Sumbangan Baja, Christianto Lopulisa, "Climate Index for Estimating Nutmeg Plant Suitability under Tropical Rainforests in Maluku Province, Indonesia" SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science 5.6 (2018): 23-30.

APA Style:

Ahmad Basir, Risma Neswati, Sumbangan Baja, Christianto Lopulisa,(2018). Climate Index for Estimating Nutmeg Plant Suitability under Tropical Rainforests in Maluku Province, Indonesia. SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science 5(6), 23-30.

Abstract:

The nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) has been known as an important plant spice since the 16th century. In order to restore the triumph of Maluku as a largest nutmeg producer, the central government had declared in 2017 that Maluku Island as “a spice island” with the priority to produce nutmeg, clove and cinnamon and therefore needed extensification of nutmeg plant to full fill the worlds demand. For the optimal nutmeg plant extensification it was necessarily to carried out a land evaluation studies to find out the areas which have a climate and soil characteristic suitable for nutmeg. However, the land requirements related to climatic particularly for nutmeg plant seem did not get much attention. This study aims to determine climatic requirements of nutmeg plant under tropical rain forest in Maluku Province and to see the correlation between climatic index and nutmeg plant productivity using a parametric approach. The research method used was a mixture of qualitative and quantitative approach in several stages i.e. determination of site location through overlying a nutmeg plant distribution map and nutmeg productivity map, field survey and data collection, data analysis, quantitative analysis for correlation between various an individual climatic characteristic with nutmeg productivity, selection of climatic characteristic, determination of climatic index according to parametric approach for each combination of climatic characteristic and correlation between climatic index with nutmeg productivity. The results showed that some climatic characteristics including precipitation, maximum temperature, degree of the days and humidity index were very strong correlated to the productivity of nutmeg plant with coefficient correlation (r) >0.95. The highest climatic index was found it in Banda Island with average of nutmeg yield was 4.966,6 kg ha-1year-1. Climatic index according to parametric seem was more appropriate in determination climatic suitability of nutmeg plant than simple limitation methods in the tropical rainforest Indonesia.

References:

[1] ITC. (2015) List of exportir for nutmeg, mace and cardamons, International Trade Center (ITC). [Online]. Available: shttp://www.trademaporg/tradestat/countrySelfproduct_TS.aspx.
[2] Patty, Z and A.Y Kastanja. Study of cultivation of Pala in North Halmahera (Case Study in the district of West Galela, Tobelo and North Kao) Indonesian: Agrofor J, 8.294-300. 2013.
[3] Departement of Agriculture of North Halmahera. Area and crop production area of North Halmahera plantation. Departement of Agriculture of North Halmahera Indonesian. 2012.
[4] General of Plantation. Area and Plantation production by tipe of plant, 2000 -2014. Directorate General of Plantation Indonesian. 2014.
[5] Zonneveld, I.S. The land unit a fundamental concept in landscape ecology and it’s applications. Landsc. Ecol, 3:67-86. 1989.
[6] Rossiter, D.G. A. theoretical framework for land evaluation, Geoderma, 72:165-202. 1996.
[7] Sonneveld, M.P.W, M.J.D Hack-ten Broeke , C.A van Diepen and H.L Boogaard. Thirty years os systematic land evaluation in the Netherlands, Geoderma. 156:84-92. 2010.
[8] Martin, D and S.K Saha. Land evaluation by integrating remote sensing and GIS for cropping system analysis in a watershed. Cun. Sci, 96:569-575. 2009.
[9] Elsheikh, R A.R.B.M. Sharif, F. Amiri, N.B Ahmad, S.K Balasundram and M.A.M Soom. Agriculture Land Suitability Evaluation (ALSE): A decision and planning support tool for tropical and subtropical crops. Comput Electron Agric, 93:98-110. 2013.
[10] He, Y.Y. Yao, Y. Chen and L. Ongaro. Regional land suitability assessment for tree crops using remote sensing and GIS. Proceedings of the international Conference on Computer Distributed Control and Intellegent Enviromental Monitoring. February 19-20. Chansha China, pp: 354-363. 2011.
[11] Prakash, T.N. Land Suitability analysis for agriculture; A fruzzy multicriteria decision making approach. Masters Thesis International Institute for Geo-information Science and Earth Observation, Netherlands: Enschede, 2013.
[12] Freizizadeh, B. and T. Blaschke. Lang Suitability Analysis for Tabriz Country, Iran: a Multi-criteria evaluation approach using GIS. J. Environ plan Manage, 56:1-23. 2013.
[13] FAO. A framework for land evaluation. FAO soil bulletin No. 32. Soil Resources Development and Conservation Service Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome, Italy: 1976.
[14] FAO. Guidelines Land Evaluation for rainfed agriculture. FAO Soil Bulletin No 52. Food ang Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome: 1983.
[15] FAO. Land Evaluation: Towards a revised framework Lang and Water Discussion paper 6 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation, Rome, Italy: pp1-107. 2007.
[16] Hardjowigwno, S and Wadiatmaka. Land Suitability Evaluation and Land use Planning . Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press, 2011.
[17] Baja, S. Land Use Palanning in Regional Development. Yogyakarta Indonesia: Publisher CV. Andi Offset, 2012.
[18] Djaenudin D. Basumi, S, S. Hardjowigeno, H. Subagyo and M. Sukardi et al,. Land Suitability for Agriculture and Forest crops. Technical Report No.7 Version 1.0. Bogor: PT. Andal Agrikarya Prima, Centre for Soil and Agroclimate Research,1994.
[19] Sys, C.E van Ranst and J. Debaveye. Land Evaluation part II: Methods in Land Evaluation Agricultural Publications no. 7 General Administration for Development Cooperation Brussels. Balgium: 1991.
[20] Wood, S.R and F.J. Dent. A Land Evaluation computers system methodology. Bogor Indonesian: Ministry of Agriculture/PNUD/FAO, Centre for Soil Research. 1983.
[21] Da Costa, A.J B.H Sunarminto, T. Gunawan and S.N.H Utami. Evaluation of Land for Basic Agricultural plant development plants seasonal (Case in Raumoco Lautem Timor-Leste. Jurnal Galung Tropik Vol 4, N0 2. 2015.
[22] Simanjuntak, C.P Marbun and M. Sembiring. The Evaluation of Land Suitability with limit method for Arabica coffee (Coffea Arabica) and Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora Lindl) in Silina Pungga-pungga district, Regency of Dain. Idonesia:Agroekoteknologi, 3:433-445. 2015.
[23] Mardawils. Evaluation of Land Suitability and Utilization potential of precipitation for development of Palawija on dry land, district of Kuala Cenaku Indragiri Hulu Regency, Riau Graduate. Yogyakarta: Thesis Agriculture Faculty of Gadjah Mada University. 2011.
[24] Jayanti, D.S. Evaluation of Land Suitability and Land Use optimization for cocoa plantation development ( Theobroma cacao L) ( Case study in Kecamatan Batee and Padang tiji sub-district of Pidie Regency of Aceh Province.). Postgraduate Thesis. Yogyakarta: Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University. 2011.
[25] Wakiah S. A.R Johan and E.X.R Johannes. Land Evaluation for Plantation Land development in Bacan Island, South Halmahera Regency. Indonesia: Agri – Sosioekonomi, 12:377-382. 2016.
[26] AARD. Land Evaluation technical guidelines for Agricultural commodities. Agency for Agricultural Research and development (Ministry of Agriculture) Inonesia center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and development, Pp 1-166. Indonesia: 2011.
[27] Wattimena, A. Y. Study of aspects of cultivation of nutmeg (Myristica fragran Houtt) in Maluku Province Graduate Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University. 2009.
[28] Wahyuni, E.T. S. Triyono and Suherman. Determination of chemical composition of volcanic ash from Merapi Mt. Eruption) J. Manusia Lingkungan 19:150-159. Indonesia: 2012.
[29] Lubis, A.H. The Impact of volcanic ash on the eruption of Mount Sinabung on the availability and uptake of nutrients p by corn as on the respiration of microorganisms on soil dystrandepts. Graduate Thesis, Departemen of Soil Science Faculty of Agriculture. Medan, Indonesia: University of North Sumatera, 2011.

Key Words:

nutmeg, Banda, parametric approach, climatic index, tropical rainforest.