Pesticide Applications on Some Vegetables Cultivated and Health Implications in Santa, North West-Cameroon
|International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science|
|© 2017 by SSRG - IJAES Journal|
|Volume 4 Issue 2|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Sonchieu Jean, Ngassoum Martin Benoit, Nantia Akono Edouard, Laxman Prasad Srivastava|
How to Cite?
Sonchieu Jean, Ngassoum Martin Benoit, Nantia Akono Edouard, Laxman Prasad Srivastava, "Pesticide Applications on Some Vegetables Cultivated and Health Implications in Santa, North West-Cameroon," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 39-46, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V4I2P108
Nationwide surveys conducted on pesticide application in Cameroon raises growing concern of exposure to pesticide uses. This study is aimed at evaluating the use and effects of pesticides in Santa agricultural area, and to estimate the health implications amongst 372 farmers, randomly selected using questionnaires from March 2015 to April 2016. As results: fourteen major vegetables are cultivated; fifteen active ingredients (fixed into twenty six formulations) are used to spray vegetables; 69.8% of pesticide applicators have low educational level (First School Leaving Certificate); spraying parameters (doses, spraying frequency and period, pre-harvesting time; safety measures) are poorly practiced; pesticide wastes and used containers are abandoned in the environment, burned or reuse at home; ailments found are abdominal pain dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, skin irritation, cancers, eye problems, frequent cough/catarrh and reproductive problems; measurement instruments are table spoon, cock of bottle, cans; two to five formulations are frequently mixed, applicators smoke, eat, talk or drink while spraying and 85% of workers are not trained nor assisted. This study raised concern for misuse of pesticides in Santa agricultural area. It calls for pesticide residue analysis in vegetables and water as well as the evaluation of the deep health conditions of the farmers.
pesticides, use, vegetables, health
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