Impact of wood burning mud cookstove on indoor air quality vis-à-vis human health in Western Himalayan Region
|International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science|
|© 2017 by SSRG - IJAES Journal|
|Volume 4 Issue 4|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Yashpal Thakur, R K Aggarwal, S K Bhardwaj, Ajay Singh|
How to Cite?
Yashpal Thakur, R K Aggarwal, S K Bhardwaj, Ajay Singh, "Impact of wood burning mud cookstove on indoor air quality vis-à-vis human health in Western Himalayan Region," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 10-15, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V4I4P102
The thermal efficiency of cookstoves was found to be 8% and power output 0.43 kW resulting in the emission of PM10 and VOCs which increased with increase in altitude from 31.91 μg/m3 and 2.52 ppb at lower to 92.63 μg/m3 and 8.71 ppb at higher altitude, respectively. It was found that 18% (26/142) of the respondents had cough, 11% (16/142) were having Grade 1 dyspnea (significant shortness of breath while walking up an incline or hurrying on the level ), about 6% (8/142) complained of chest pain and 7% (10/142) had given the history of having recurrent fever. The females are more exposed to the exhalants of the cooking fuel. The reproductive health of the females indicates that about 77% (40/52), with significant p value of 0.000, of the females had irregular menstrual history and 8% (4/52) with p=0.157gave the history of having suffered from hypertension during their respective pregnancy.
Cookstove, efficiency, pollutants, female, reproductive health
1) Bert Brunekreef (2010). Air Pollution and Human Health: From Local to Global Issues. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 41 6661–6669.
2) Bhola R. Gurjar, Luisa T. Molina, C.S. P. Ojha. Air Pollution: Health and Environmental Impacts, CRC press.
3) Bruce, N., Perez-Padilla, R., Albalak, R., (2000). Indoor air pollution in developing countries: a major environmental and public health challenge. Bull. World Health Organ.78, 1078— 1092.
4) Census of India (2011). Houses, household amenities and assets, Government of India. http://www. devinfolive. info/censusinfodashboard/website/index.php/pages/kitchen_fuel used/Total/insidehouse/ind.
5) Census of India (2001).. Summary of tables on houses, households, amenities and assets of H.P. directorate of census operations, Himachal Pradesh, Shimla. http://censusindia .gov. in/2011 census /hlo/ Houselisting_Housing_2011_Himachalpradesh.html
6) Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chun-Bae Kim, Chang-Soo Kim, Nilambar Jha, K. C. Deepak, and Fredric A (2015). Connel Consequence of Indoor Air Pollution in Rural Area of Nepal: A Simplified Measurement Approach. Front Public Health.; 3: 5.
7) Danshehu B G, Sambo A S and Musa M (1992). Comparative performance of sawdust and wood burning stoves. Nigerian Journal of Renewable Energy.3(1 and 2), pp.50-55.
8) Dasgupta, S., M. Huq, M. Khaliquzzaman, K. Pandey, and D. Wheeler (2004). ―Who Suffers from Indoor Air Pollution? Evidence from Bangladesh, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3428.
9) Ezzati M, Kammen DM (2002) The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: Knowledge, gaps, and data needs. Environ Health Perspect 110: 1057- 1068.
10) Hu, Guoping; Ran, Pixin (2009). Indoor air pollution as a lung health hazard: focus on populous countries, Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine: - Volume 15 - Issue 2 - p 158–164.
11) Karunasekara KAW, Jayasinhe JA, Alwis LW (2001): Risk factors of childhood asthma: a Sri Lankan study. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics., 47 (3): 142-145. 10.1093/tropej/47.3.142.
12) Ki-Hyun Kim, ShaminAraJahan, EhsanulKabir (2011). A review of diseases associated with household air pollution due to the use of biomass fuelsJournal of Hazardous Materials 192 425– 431
13) Lankathilaka KN, Seneviratne SRDA, Fernando DN (2000): Indoor air quality and respiratory symptoms among children and women. Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science - 56th Annual Session.Volume Part - 1 abstract. Colombo.
14) Majid Ezzati and Daniel M. Kammen (2002). The Health Impacts of Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution from Solid Fuels in Developing Countries: Knowledge, Gaps, and Data Needs. Environmental Health Perspectives • vol 110, (11)
15) Martin W J, Glass R I, Balbus J M and Collins F S (2011). A major environmental cause of death.Science.334, pp.180-181.
16) Meena Sehgal,Suliankatchi Abdulkader Rizwan, and Anand Krishnan (2014). Disease burden due to biomass cooking-fuelrelated household air pollution among women in India.Glob Health Action. 2014; 7: 10.3402/gha.v7.25326.
17) Mishra, Vinod K. , Retherford, Robert D. , (1999). Biomass cooking fuels and prevalence of tuberculosis in India. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 3, Issue 3, 1999, Pages 119-129
18) R. Perez-Padilla, A. Schilmann, H. Riojas-Rodriguez. (2010). Respiratory health effects of indoor air pollution. INT J TUBERC LUNG DIS 14(9):1079–1086
19) Raj Kumar, NitinGoel, Nitesh Gupta, Kamal Singh, Sumit Nagar and Juhi Mittal (2014). Indoor Air Pollution and Respiratory Illness in Children from Rural India: A Pilot Study. Indoor Pollution and Respiratory Illness,;Vol.56, 79-83.
20) Saswata, Ghosh. (2005) Adverse pregnancy outcome and indoor air pollution: Is there a linkage? Epidemiology: Volume 16 - Issue 5 - pp S22-S23).
21) Sayali Mukherjee,Shabana Siddique, Sreeparna Chakraborty, Purba Bhattacharya, Madhuchanda Banerjee, Sanghita Roychoudhury, Twisha Lahiri, Manas Ranjan Ray (2015). Adverse reproductive health outcomes in premenopausal Indian women chronically exposed to biomass smoke. Journal of Public Health, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 363–372
22) Smith K, Uma R, Kishore V, Junfeng Z, Joshi V, Khalil M. (2000a). Greenhouse Implications of Household Stoves: An Analysis for India. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 25:741-63.
23) Smith KR (1987) Biofuels, air pollution, and health.A global review. Plenum Press, New York, 1987. Smith, K. (2000). National burden of disease in India from indoor air pollution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 97 (24):13286- 13293.
24) Streets D G, Shindell D T, Lu Z and Faluvegi G (2013). Radiative forcing due to major aerosol emitting sectors in China and India. Geophysical ReseachLetters.40(16), pp.4409-4414.
25) WHO (2016).Household air pollution and health.
26) World Energy Outlook (2006) - FOCUS ON KEY TOPICS.
27) World Health Organization (India) (2009).IMPACT OF INDOOR AIR POLLUTION FROM BIOMASS FUEL BURNING ON REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND NEUROBEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS OF PREMENOPAUSAL WOMEN IN RURAL INDIA. Nature Environment and Wildlife Society (NEWS).