Evaluation of Water Quality Index for Ground Water of Residential Area of Surat City, Gujarat, India

International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science
© 2018 by SSRG - IJAES Journal
Volume 5 Issue 3
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Desai Birva and Desai Hemangi
How to Cite?

Desai Birva and Desai Hemangi, " Evaluation of Water Quality Index for Ground Water of Residential Area of Surat City, Gujarat, India," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 5,  no. 3, pp. 1-5, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V5I3P111


The physicochemical analysis of 09 ground water samples namely Katargam, Ghoddod road, Sarthana, L.P. Savani road, Sumul dairy road, SCET [Sarvajanik College of Engineering & Technology, Athwalines], Ram nagar, Vadifalia and Ghoddod road SMC water were done by using APHA standard methods of analysis. The results of the analysis when compared with desirable limits of Indian standards for Drinking Water (IS: 10500.1993/2012), in all the 09 sampling stations, most of the selected water quality parameters were observed above desirable limit. The WQI values were found in the range of 124.6-402.7 in winter season, 144.04-424.18 in summer season, 117.82-392.73 in post monsoon season. Based on average value of WQI, lowest WQI was found in Ground water sample of SCET (128.82) and highest WQI was found in ground water sample of L.P. Savani road (406.43). This station is located exactly in opposite direction of Municiple solid waste transfer station. The leachate generated by Municiple solid waste has been percolated down into the ground water may be the reason for higher amount of pollutants present in ground water sample of L.P. Savani road. All 09 ground water samples of residential area were having high WQI values, from these results, it is concluded that none of the studied 09 sources can be used for drinking, domestic or for industrial purposes.


Physicochemical, Drinking Water, Desirable Limit, Indian Standards, WQI.


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