A Study of some of the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Garbage Compost in Tartous City

International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science
© 2018 by SSRG - IJAES Journal
Volume 5 Issue 3
Year of Publication : 2018
Authors : Alaa Aldeen Hasan, Saosan Haifa, Nishfi Ibrahim, Shafak Harfoush
How to Cite?

Alaa Aldeen Hasan, Saosan Haifa, Nishfi Ibrahim, Shafak Harfoush, " A Study of some of the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Garbage Compost in Tartous City," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 5,  no. 3, pp. 73-79, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V5I3P113


The purpose of the research is to reveal the physical and chemical properties of the compost produced by the garbage and the properties of the soil after mixing it. The research is important in providing safety for the human consumption of vegetables grown on the garbage compost. This research was conducted at Tishreen University Laboratories during the period (2/3/2017 - 2/4/2017) Through taking samples of the compost and it,s mixture with soil conducting laboratory tests to know the physical and chemical properties. The results showed the ability of the compost to improve the physical and chemical properties of the soil and the ratio of the heavy elements within the permissible limits. The study recommended using the compost to safe germination of vegetable seeds because its content of heavy metals is within permissible limits


PCompost, organic matter, salinity, acidity, medium


[1] H. Chaheen, "Solid waste treatment. University book - Department of Environmental Engineering - Tishreen University Publications, pp. 300, 1996.
[2] H. Chahin, and A. Awad, Ecological Assessment of Solid Waste Treatment System at Lattakia City, 11th EURO–ARAB Conference for the Environment, Rostock, Germany, 24-26 April, 2001, PP. 33-41.
[3] H. D. Ömer; K; Gülgün, Ö. Saim, Effects of Organic Waste Substrates on the Growth of Impatiens. Sakarya University, TURKEY. Turk. J.Agric for 30, 2006. 375-381.
[4] A; Garcia-Gomez. M,P, Bernal, and A Roig,. Growth of ornamental plants in two composts prepared from agroindustrial wastes. Bioresource Tech. 2002. 83: 81- 87.
[5] Elena Cristina Rada, Lucian-Ionel Cioca and Gabriela Ionescu ,Energy recovery from Municipal Solid Waste inEU: proposals to assess the management performance under a circular economy perspective, MATEC Web of Conferences 121, 05006, 2017.
[6] M. L., Jackson, Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall Inc. Englewood. Cliffe N J .1958 .pp 151-153 and 331-334.
[7] E.Schlichting, and H.P.,.Blume, Bodenkundliches Praktikum. Parey Verlag Berlin und Hamburg. 1966.
[8] L. A. Richards, Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkaline soils. Agricultural hand book no 60 .United states Department of agriculture, 1962.
[9] J. J., Mortved, P. M., Giordano. W. L., Lindsay, R. C., Dinauer, V. S., Clark, P. Eite, Micronutrients in agriculture. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer., Inc.Madison, Wisconsin U.S.A. 1972.
[10] Keith . R. Baldwin And Jackie T. GREENFIELD. 2006. Compostiing on Organiic Farms collage of Agriculture & Life Sciences North California ,The OrganicProduction publication series, The Center for Environmental Farming Systems, E06-45788
[11] A, Gabreala, Physico-chemical and Microbiological Composition of Composts from Bucharest Municipal Waste ,pp 62-66, 2010.
[12] Lasaridi K, Protopapa I, Kotsou M, Pilidis G, Manios T, Kyriacou A. 2006 Quality assessment of composts in the Greek market: The need forstandards and quality assurance. J Environ Manage 2006; 80: 58-65.
[13] Manios, T.2002. The composting potential of different organic solid wastes experience from the island of Crete, Environment International 29 , pp 1079 – 1089
[14] Garcia, C; Ruiz-Navarro,A; Garcia-Franco,N And Barbera, G.G.2009. Effects Of Organic Composts On Soil Properties: Comparative Evaluation Of Source-Separated And Non Source-Separated Composts , 1st Spanish National Conference on Advances in Materials Recycling and Eco – Energy Madrid. 12-13 November, pp 62-66.
[15] Leogrande, R; Vitti, C; Lopedota, O; Ventrella, D @ Montemurro, F,2016. Saline water and MSW compost: Effects on yield of maize crop and soil responses , Pages 1863-1873

[16] Gopinathan , M. And M. Thirumurthy. 2012. Evaluation of Phytotoxicity for Compost from Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste and Paper & Pulp Mill Sludge. Environmental Research- Engineering And Management. Vol 59 no 1.
[17] Switzenbaum, M. S., L. H. Moss, E. Epstein, A. B. Pincini And J. F.Donovan. 1997. Defining biosolids stability: a basis for public and regulatory acceptance. Water Environment Research Foundation, Alexandria, VA.
[18] Inbar, Y., Chen, Y., Hadar, Y., 1990. Humic Substances Formed During The Composting Of Organic Matter. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 54, 1316–1323
[19] Inoko, A., Miyamatsu, K., Suoahara, K., And Harada, Y(1979).,On Some Organic Constituents Of City Refuse Composts Produced In Japan, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 25, 225-234
[20] Zucconi, F. And M.D. Bertoldi. 1987. Compost Specifications For The Production And Characterization Of Compost From Municipal Solid Waste.
[21] Jackson, L; Ramirez, I; Murphree, L; Yokota, R; Chaney, W; Doltt, F; Koike, S; Smith, R;@ Cantwell, M. 2004. Effect Of Compost On Soils And Vegetable Production, Usa, University Of California.
[22] V; Chanyasak, M. Hirai, and H. Kubota, "Changes Of Chemical Compnents and nitrogen Transformation in water Extracts during Composting Of garbage. 1982, J,Fament. Technol. 60, 439-446.