Low Productivity of Onion in Côte d’Ivoire: Causes and Recommendations
|International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science|
|© 2018 by SSRG - IJAES Journal|
|Volume 5 Issue 5|
|Year of Publication : 2018|
|Authors : Foussata Dagnogo, Sifolo Seydou Coulibaly, Djibril Konaté, Lacina Fofana|
How to Cite?
Foussata Dagnogo, Sifolo Seydou Coulibaly, Djibril Konaté, Lacina Fofana, "Low Productivity of Onion in Côte d’Ivoire: Causes and Recommendations," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 49-56, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V5I5P108
Onion is a low-yielding vegetable in Côte d'Ivoire despite the favorable natural conditions to its cultivation. This study investigated the causes of low agricultural productivity of onion in northern Côte d’Ivoire. The survey was carried out in the regions of Poro and Tchologo, the biggest areas of onion production. Eight hundred (800) farmers in each region to make a total of 1600 farmers were investigated. The results showed that there are multiple causes of the low productivity. Among them, the most important affecting onion production are the land non-acquisition by women who are the main producers, the bad organization of onion sector, the high level of illiteracy of producers, the misuse of chemical inputs, the non-mastery of plots preparation, the non-treatment of organic manure before its application, the bad cultural association, the lack of extension and the bad road system for the flow of production to the big markets. Moreover, the instability of onion price contrary to a lot of crops is not a factor of encouragement. It is therefore recommended that the government improves the organization of onion sector, the stability of onion price, the extension services and adult literacy classes in the regions. Producers also need to be trained on animal wastes treatment before their use and on crops rotation system. Factors that affect productivity such as transportation, access to fertilizers and credit facility to farmers should also be improved.
onion, low productivity, Côte d’Ivoire, Poro, Tchologo.
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