Trend of sugarcane and jaggery production in Assam and associated problems and prospects

International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science
© 2016 by SSRG - IJAES Journal
Volume 3 Issue 6
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : Mahima Begum, Dhiman Dev Singha, Bijnan Chandra Bordoloi
How to Cite?

Mahima Begum, Dhiman Dev Singha, Bijnan Chandra Bordoloi, "Trend of sugarcane and jaggery production in Assam and associated problems and prospects," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 3,  no. 6, pp. 13-20, 2016. Crossref,


 Sugarcane is one of the important cash crop of Assam occupying an area of about 29 thousand ha with an average productivity of 37 t/ha. Poor yield of the crop is mainly due to some abiotic and biotic stress conditions, social and technical constraints and poor mechanization. Major reasons for low yield are heavy monsoon rainfall, reduced sunshine hours, high incidence of insect pests, lack of irrigation and low input use. The crop is grown in almost all the districts of Assam under varied soil and climatic conditions. Major sugarcane growing districts are Karbi- Angolong, Nagaon, Dima Hasao, Sonitpur and Golaghat. Almost all the cane produced in the state is utilized for making of jaggery except in places near city areas where the cane is used for raw juice during summer season. However, cane growers earn less income due to lack of adequate market facility and absence of proper marketing channel. The state has tremendous scope of enhancing the cane productivity through development of high yielding and pest and disease resistant varieties, development of abiotic and biotic stress management modules, adopting integrated nutrient supply system and sustaining its productivity by following suitable cropping systems.


Sugarcane, jaggery, status, problems, future strategy, cane production


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