Assessment of Surface Water Within And Outside Federal University of Agriculture, (Funaab) Ogun State Nigeria For Irrigation Purpose
|International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science|
|© 2021 by SSRG - IJAES Journal|
|Volume 8 Issue 2|
|Year of Publication : 2021|
|Authors : Adekitan, Abimbola Adetoun, Bankole Abayomi Oluwatobi, Oginni Olajide Adeyemi|
How to Cite?
Adekitan, Abimbola Adetoun, Bankole Abayomi Oluwatobi, Oginni Olajide Adeyemi, "Assessment of Surface Water Within And Outside Federal University of Agriculture, (Funaab) Ogun State Nigeria For Irrigation Purpose," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 25-29, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V8I2P104
Irrigation is the artificial application of water to crops for the sustainability and growth of the crops. Studies have shown that an estimated more than 80% of water demand in the agriculture sector is currently being met from non-renewable groundwater sources. To meet the growing demand for water for domestic, industrial, and agricultural purposes, exploration of alternative sources of water, especially for use in agriculture, is important. This study aim at assessing the suitability of surface water within and outside FUNAAB for irrigation purpose. Two samples were collected from five different streams. Parameters studied includes pH, Temperature, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Potassium (K+), Sodium (Na+), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca2+), Sulphate (SO42-), Iron (Fe), Sodium Adsorption Ratio and Exchangeable Sodium Percentage. The result of the samples obtained was subjected to One-way ANOVA to determine the differences between means of each parameter studied for each sampling point. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was also used to analyze the results of samples obtained from the five (5) streams. From the results, it was shown that most of the streams were not suitable for irrigation as they did not fall within the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) irrigation water standard. It was concluded that only water from stream 1 is suitable for irrigation as it met with the standard of Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) and also the Exchangeable Sodium Percentage (ESP) as given by FAO (1985). While stream 2, stream 3, stream 4, and stream 5 have to be subjected to further treatment before they can be used for irrigation as they will only affect plants negatively if used.
Agriculture, Crops, Growth, Irrigation
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