Effect of Temperature Soil and Water Table of Methane Emission on Transfer Function Peatlands Into the Garden of Palm

International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science
© 2017 by SSRG - IJAES Journal
Volume 4 Issue 2
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Sustiyah, Soemarno, Yulia Nuraini, Salampak
How to Cite?

Sustiyah, Soemarno, Yulia Nuraini, Salampak, "Effect of Temperature Soil and Water Table of Methane Emission on Transfer Function Peatlands Into the Garden of Palm," SSRG International Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science, vol. 4,  no. 2, pp. 47-52, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942568/IJAES-V4I2P109


This study aims to determine the effect of soil temperature and water table to the emission of CHgas4 in the conversion of peatland forests into oil palm plantations in City of East waringin, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. The study was conducted using a randomized block design consisting of two factors; the first factor is the location of peat land of oil palm plantations (Ls) and peatland forests (Lh);the second factor is the depth of 0-35 cm soil layer (D1),35-70 cm (D2),70-105 cm (D3) and 105-140 cm (D4). Measurement of soil temperature and water table is done simultaneously with the measurement of CH4 emission gas. The method used is Wireless Sensor Network (WSNs) comes Graph Sensitive MQ- 4 for 6 months (dry-wet rainy season), with the tool chamber. The results showed emissions CH4 in peatlands for oil palm plantation 0:44 to 3:06 mg m-2 j-1,in the peatland forests at 0:42 - 3.92 mg m-2 j-1. CH4 emissions significantly correlated with the water table and soil temperature at a depth of 105-140 cm, with a correlation coefficient (r) and 0.020 -0.630 (p <0.05). The surface temperature of the soil around the chamber (10 cm) and the water table significantly influence CH4 emissions, with a p-value respectively 0.028 and 0.0001 (p <0.05), with the regression coefficient (b) respectively and 0.603 (-0.026). The coefficient of determination (R2) produced 0.6390 and water table give the largest contribution to the emission of CH4 (43.97%) of the total value of the effective contribution of 63.90%.


Emissions of methane, the temperature of the soil, water table, peatland conversion, oil palm plantations


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