A Qualitative Analysis on Socio-Economic and Health Background of the Elderly Tribes in Pachamalai Hills of Tiruchirappalli District of Tamilnadu

International Journal of Economics and Management Studies
© 2017 by SSRG - IJEMS Journal
Volume 4 Issue 6
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Dr. A. Arun Prakash
How to Cite?

Dr. A. Arun Prakash, "A Qualitative Analysis on Socio-Economic and Health Background of the Elderly Tribes in Pachamalai Hills of Tiruchirappalli District of Tamilnadu," SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies, vol. 4,  no. 6, pp. 52-57, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23939125/IJEMS-V4I6P110



In tribal societies, senior people commonly act as a storehouse of knowledge such as family lineage, religious rituals, lore and myth which indicate tribal origins, their identity as well as in-depth knowledge about the environment and how to exploit it for survival. The area of the study is Pachamalai, located in the North western part of the Tiruchirappalli district in Thuraiyur taluk which was separated from the Salem district. This is only important hill in the district inhabited by the Malaiyalee (hillmen). The hill range is about 2000 feet above the MSL and certain peaks are about 3400 feet high. The people live in this hill are called Malayalees and they are scheduled as the tribal people. Most of the Malayalees are poor. The Pachamalai hills are inhabited only by the Malayalees and others are not allowed to migrate to this place. People here seem to live in union and in co-ordination with each other. This study is an attempt to portray the socio-economic and health background of the elderly tribes. The study was conducted with specific focus on their Utensils, Ornaments, dress, food, ornaments, their style of workship and their customs related to marriage and property. To sum up, the study finds that there is only a partial development in the socio-economic conditions of the tribes in the Pachamalai hills.


Tribal, Family Lineage, Religious Rituals, Lore and Myth.


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