Role of Japan in Rohingya Crisis: An Analysis from Economic and Political Perspective
|International Journal of Economics and Management Studies|
|© 2020 by SSRG - IJEMS Journal|
|Volume 7 Issue 8|
|Year of Publication : 2020|
|Authors : Md. Shahed Mahmud, Md. Masud-Ul-Hasan, Sk. Mahrufur Rahman|
How to Cite?
Md. Shahed Mahmud, Md. Masud-Ul-Hasan, Sk. Mahrufur Rahman, "Role of Japan in Rohingya Crisis: An Analysis from Economic and Political Perspective," SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 130-136, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23939125/IJEMS-V7I8P117
Japan is one of the trusted and proven development partners for Bangladesh and Myanmar at the same time. But in the Rohingya crisis, Japan took the path to remain silent in the first place and then wanted to play a mediating role to resolve the issue. But from Japan, Bangladesh wanted something big. This paper aims to point out these questions' answers, whether Japan has any geopolitical interest over Myanmar and why Japan did not raise a strong voice against the human rights violation and other atrocities in Rakhine state Japan portrayed its image as a ‘value-driven nation worldwide. To dig out in-depth, both qualitative and quantitative sources of data were gathered and then analyzed in a systematic approach. The data analysis showed that Japan has a significant geopolitical interest (Economic and Political) over Myanmar. Thus, in this situation, keeping Rohingya repatriation in mind, Bangladesh should work closely with Japan to resolve the crisis proactively and also may extend some thinking for Foreign Direct Investment in Myanmar as Myanmar is in thirst for investment.
Rohingya Crisis, Japan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Economical, Political.
 Chaudhuri, C., Japan-Myanmar: A ‘Special’ Economic Relationship. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, (2017) 3(7).
 Bray, J., Burma: Resisting the international community. The Pacific Review, 5(3) (1992) 291-296.
 Stratfor. Japan's Interest in Myanmar. [cited 2019 15 October]; Available from: https://worldview.stratfor.com/article/japans-interest-myanmar. (2012).
 Yoshimatsu, H., Regional Linkages and Japan's Foreign Aid Policy towards Myanmar. Asian Profile, 2004. 32(5) 411-428.
 The Irrawaddy. TIMELINE: Eight Decades of Myanmar-Japan Relations at a Glance. 2018 [cited 2019 14 October]; Available from: https://www.irrawaddy.com/specials/timeline-eight-decades-myanmar-japan-relations-glance.html.
 Kikuchi, T. and T. Masutomo, Financial Development in Myanmar and the Role of Japan., S. RAJARATNAM SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES: SINGAPORE. (2019).
 Kipgen, N., Addressing the Rohingya Problem. Journal of Asian African Studies., 49(2) (2014) 234-247.
 Hogan, L. and M. Safi revealed: Facebook hate speech exploded in Myanmar during the Rohingya crisis, in The Guardian. (2018), The Guardian.
 Kipgen, N., The Rohingya Crisis: The Centrality of Identity and Citizenship. Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs., 39(1) (2019) 61-74.
 Dussich, J.P.J., The Ongoing Genocidal Crisis of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar. Journal of Victimology Victim Justice., 1(1) (2018) 4-24.
 Hein, P., The Re-ethnicisation of Politics in Myanmar and the Making of the Rohingya Ethnicity Paradox. India Quarterly., 74(4) (2018) 361-382.
 Rakhine Investment Fair. Japan envoy says development is the solution for Rakhine. [cited 2019 03 October]; Available from: https://www.investrakhine.com/japan-envoy-says-development-is-solution-for-rakhine/ (2019).
 Kasai, T. Japan continues to help Myanmar whitewash the Rohingya crisis. [cited 2019 17 October]; Available from: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2019/08/25/commentary/japan-commentary/japan-continues-help-myanmar-whitewash-rohingya-crisis/#.Xak8bugzbIU. (2019).
 Kasai, T., Japan's Cold-Blooded Approach to the Rohingya Crisis, in The Diplomat., Diplomat Media Inc.: Washington D.C., USA. (2019).
 Rakhine Investment Fair. Keynote Speech By H.E. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, State Counsellor at the Rakhine State Investment Fair. [cited 2019 03 October]; Available from: https://www.investrakhine.com/keynote-speech-by-h-e-daw-aung-san-suu-kyi-state-counsellor-at-the-rakhine-state-investment-fair/. (2019).
 Invest Myanmar Summit. Keynote Speech Delivered by State Counsellor H.E. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at the Myanmar-Japan-U.S. Forum on Fostering Responsible Investment. [cited 2019 15 October]; Available from: https://investmyanmar2019.com/news/keynote-speech-delivered-by-state-counsellor-h-e-daw-aung-san-suu-kyi-at-the-myanmar-japan-u-s-forum-on-fostering-responsible-investment/#. (2019).
 Maini, T.S. Japan’s Involvement in Myanmar. [cited 2019 17 October]; Available from: https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2019/03/20/japans-involvement-in-myanmar/. (2019).
 The Asahi Shimbun. U.N. expert: Suu Kyi’s role in Rohingya abuses is still unclear. [cited 2019 15 October]; Available from: www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201909180033.html. (2019)
 The Daily Star, Ending Rohingya Crisis: PM places 3 proposals at U.N. meet, in The Daily Star. Dhaka. (2018).
 Moseley, A., Political Realism, J. Fieser and B. Dowden, Editors., The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (IEP): United Kingdom.
 Meiser, J.W. Introducing Liberalism in International Relations Theory. [cited 2019 23 December]; Available from: https://www.e-ir.info/2018/02/18/introducing-liberalism-in-international-relations-theory/. (2018)
 Seekins, D.M., Burma, and Japan Since 1940: From'co-prosperity'to'quiet Dialogue'. NIAS Press. (2007).
 Seekins, D.M., Japan's Development Ambitions for Myanmar: The Problem of “Economics before Politics”. Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs., 34(2) (2015) 113-138.
 Win, S.S., Myanmar-Japan Economic Relations (1988-2015). Yadanabon University Research Journal, 2019.
 Fink, C., Myanmar in: The Rohingya Crisis Continues. Asian Survey, 2019. 59(1) (2018) 177-184.
 Kotrajaras, P., Foreign direct investment and economic growth: A comparative study among East Asian countries. Applied Economics Journal., 17(2) (2010) 12-26.
 Kasai, T. Tokyo's 'values-free diplomacy and the Rohingya crisis. 2018 [cited 2019 17 October]; Available from: https://www.japantimes.co.jp/opinion/2018/12/19/ commentary/japan-commentary/tokyos-values-free-diplomacy-rohingya-crisis/#.Xak3L-gzbIU.
 Bi, S., New Developments in Japan–Myanmar Relations after the Thein Sein Administration came to Power, in Myanmar. (2016) 157-180.
 Slodkowski, A. Japan Sees Opportunity in Myanmar's Emerging Economy. [cited 2019 15 October]; Available from: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-myanmar-japan-idUSBRE9030P220130104. (2013)
 Yamaoka, H., Why Myanmar is important to Japan, The Myanmar Times, Editor., Myanmar Times. (2017).
 LWIN, N., State Counselor Encourages Japanese Investment in Myanmar, in The Irrawaddy., Irrawaddy Publishing Group: Yangon, Myanmar. (2018).
 AFP. Fake News: Suu Kyi Slams ‘misinformation’ after 125,000 Rohingya Flee Myanmar Bloodshed. 2017 20 Jul, 2018 [cited 2019 17 October]; Available from: https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/southeast-asia/article/2109992/fake-news-suu-kyi-slams-misinformation-after-125000.
 AFP. Myanmar's Suu Kyi slams 'misinformation' over the Rohingya crisis. [cited 2019 16 October]; Available from: https://tribune.com.pk/story/1499055/myanmars-suu-kyi-slams-misinformation-rohingya-crisis/. (2017)
 Rakhine Investment Fair. Japan to Take Leading Role in Pushing FDI in Rakhine. [cited 2019 03 October]; Available from: https://www.investrakhine.com/japan-to-take-leading-role-in-pushing-fdi-in-rakhine/. (2019)
 Hartley, R., Japan’s rush to rejuvenate Burma relations: A critical reading of post-2011 efforts to create “new old friends”. Southeast Asia Research., 26(4) (2018) 367-415.
 Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. White Paper on Development Cooperation / Japan's ODA White Paper. [Excel Sheet] 2018 October 31, 2018 [cited 2019 21 October]; Available from: https://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/oda/page_000017.html.
 El-Waylly, T. What’s Happening With the Rohingya Crisis Now? 2019 [cited 2019 24 December]; Available from: https://fortune.com/2019/12/18/whats-happening-with-the-rohingya-crisis-now/.
 Rahman, U., The Rohingya Refugee: A Security Dilemma for Bangladesh. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 8(2) (2010) 233-239.
 Zaman, M., Rohingya crisis: Issues and challenges that have emerged, in The Daily Star.Dhaka (2019).
 Abuza, Z. The Security Challenges of The Intractable Rohingya Crisis. 2019 JULY 31 [cited 2019 24 December]; Available from: https://warontherocks.com/2019/07/the-security-challenges-of-the-intractable-rohingya-crisis/.
 Dr.Teck Choon, TEO and Prof. Dr. Kim Cheng Patrick, LOW, Problems, Pitfalls and Progresses of 21st Century Leadership from the Asian Perspective: A Qualitative Content Analysis SSRG International Journal of Economics and Management Studies 5(10) (2019) 1-8.