Comparison of induction of labor versus expectant management in PROM patients 2018-2019

International Journal of Medical Science
© 2020 by SSRG - IJMS Journal
Volume 7 Issue 10
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Dina Dawd, Maisoon Dayoub
How to Cite?

Dina Dawd, Maisoon Dayoub, "Comparison of induction of labor versus expectant management in PROM patients 2018-2019," SSRG International Journal of Medical Science, vol. 7,  no. 10, pp. 1-4, 2020. Crossref,


Background: Premature rupture of membrane at term (term PROM) is a common obstetric condition that is associated with increased maternal and neonatal complications. Its management is still controversial.
Objective: This study aimed to compare maternal outcomes in induced versus expectant management of patients with term PROM to access to the clinical management that reduces the rate of maternal infections without increasing the need for cesarean section.
Materials and Methods: This randomized prospective study comprised 100 patients with term PROM. Half of them were managed by expectant protocol, up to 12 hours, and the other half by induction of labor directly was upon admission with oxytocin. The primary studied outcome was a maternal infection, and the secondary outcome was the cesarean section rate.
Results: The rates of cesarean section were significantly higher in the induction group (32% vs. 10%, P < 0.05), whereas clinical chorioamnionitis was
less likely to happen in this group. However, it was not statistically significant (2% vs. 4%, P > 0.05).
Conclusion: Expectant management of 12 hours is better than early induction because it allows a large number of patients to deliver vaginally without an increase in the cesarean section rate and infectious morbidity for mother.


Chorioamnionitis; Expectant management; Induction of labor; Premature rupture of membrane; Term PROM.


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