Effect of Salat on Blood Sugar, Lipid Profile and Cognitive Improvement in Healthy Adults

International Journal of Medical Science
© 2017 by SSRG - IJMS Journal
Volume 4 Issue 3
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Shafi M. Shaafi and Harish Kulkarni
How to Cite?

Shafi M. Shaafi and Harish Kulkarni, "Effect of Salat on Blood Sugar, Lipid Profile and Cognitive Improvement in Healthy Adults," SSRG International Journal of Medical Science, vol. 4,  no. 3, pp. 12-16, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23939117/IJMS-V4I3P103


Salat is a mindful physical activity practiced all over the world at prescribed five times a day from dawn to dusk. Salat is also called Namaz, in Indian subcontinent. It takes only a few minutes for every session of salat to perform. Salat hasbeenshowntohaveseveral health benefits if practiced over longer periods of time. In this study, we examined the effect of 12 months of Salat practice on blood sugar and lipid profile and on cognitive protection in healthy men over 50 years. Methods: After written consent of the patients and approval of the institution’s ethical committee, 100 men, age group 55 to 60 years were divided into two groups: Salat practice group (SG. N=50) and control group or (NSG. N=50). Subjects in the salat practice group were subjected to regular Salat practice for 12 months, while the control group did not participate in any salat activity or any other form of mindful physical activity (mostly sedentary professions with little physical activity). Fasting plasma glucose, postprandial blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein, very low density lipoprotein and high density lipoprotein was examined before and after 12 months of salat intervention in both groups. Mini-cog test for cognitive evaluation was administered before and after the study. Results:Salat group showed a significant(p≤0.05)decreaseinfastingplasmaglucose, post-prandialbloodsugar,totalcholesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein and very low density lipoprotein. Significant (p ≤ 0.05) increase in high density lipoprotein level was found in the salat group. NSG or control group showed insignificant changes in biochemical parameters and a lower mini-cog score compared to the SG group. Conclusions: Long term practice of Salat, a mindful moderate regular physical activity, may prevent cardiovascular disease by reducing hyperlipidemia and prevent diabetes by improving glycemic control and provide cognitive protection through the mindful meditative activity that may help prevent neuronal death, which in turn prevents cognitive decline and Alzheimer’s in later stages of life.


Salat, lipid profile, mini-cog, cognitive protection, blood sugar.


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