Concept Analysis of Geriatric Sarcopenia

International Journal of Nursing and Health Science
© 2017 by SSRG - IJNHS Journal
Volume 3 Issue 1
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Shu-Fang Chang
How to Cite?

Shu-Fang Chang, "Concept Analysis of Geriatric Sarcopenia," SSRG International Journal of Nursing and Health Science, vol. 3,  no. 1, pp. 5-8, 2017. Crossref,


A. Aim: This study aims to conduct a concept analysis of sarcopenia in the nursing profession.

B. Background: Older adults are prone to muscle loss and atrophy. They are likely to develop sarcopenia. Studies have indicated that the mortality rate of older adults with sarcopenia is one to five times higher than that of those without sarcopenia.

C. Introduction: The World Health Organization indicated that frailty prevention is a crucial indicator of successful aging. Frailty in older adults is determined primarily by mobility, which is expressed by the function of the muscular system. In addition, the annual medical expenditures caused by sarcopenia in the United States are estimated to be US$11.8 billion to US$26.2 billion. Thus, analysis and clarification of sarcopenia are required to assist nurses in deeply understanding this disease, allowing for the development of prevention strategies.

D. Methods: Walker and Avant's approach of concept analysis was used.

E. Results: This study confirmed the conceptual meaning and the signs and symptoms, introduced cases, identified causes and consequences, determined empirical indicators, reviewed the nursing literature, and investigated the practical aspects of sarcopenia for nursing.

F. Discussion: Through concept analysis, the difference between sarcopenia and other concepts was completely clarified by the nature of sarcopenia, the occurrence of sarcopenia, and the impact of sarcopenia.

G. Conclusion and Implications for Nursing and Health Policy
The objective of this study was to enhance nurses’ understanding of sarcopenia and their ability to actively develop comprehensive nursing care plans,
including regular exercise (particularly resistance exercise) and protein supplements. The ultimate goals are to reduce sarcopenia symptoms and prevent deaths caused by sarcopenia, which are critical to future older people care.


sarcopenia, geriatric syndromes, concept analysis, geriatric nursing


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