Analyzing the Concept of Frailty and Applying Evidence-Based Measurement Indicators

International Journal of Nursing and Health Science
© 2022 by SSRG - IJNHS Journal
Volume 8 Issue 3
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Chia-Mei Tsai, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Dodou Sanyang
How to Cite?

Chia-Mei Tsai, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Dodou Sanyang, "Analyzing the Concept of Frailty and Applying Evidence-Based Measurement Indicators," SSRG International Journal of Nursing and Health Science, vol. 8,  no. 3, pp. 40-46, 2022. Crossref,


Background: Aging populations are an important concern worldwide. This study aimed to introduce the implications and evidence-based measurement indicators of the concept of frailty. Methods: Following Walker & Avant’s approach (2005), concept analysis was performed in this study. Four typical, marginal, related, and contrary cases are described based on conceptual analysis, along with the dictionary, conceptual, and operational definitions, and features of frailty, identifying a model case, identifying borderline, related, and contrary cases, identifying antecedents and consequences and defining empirical referents. Result: Based on our conceptual analysis of frailty in the elderly, the present study advocates the need to develop a more comprehensive standard for measurement instruments of frailty so that such instruments can be used for comparing information across relevant studies from other countries. Discussion: Precise evidence-based assessments can assist elderly individuals in making timely preparations to delay the onset of frailty and maintain optimum physical performance and independent lifestyles. Frailty’s screening, prevention and management in the elderly, the occurrence of physiologic limitations and disability, and ultimately achieving successful aging, active aging in place, and excellent quality of life.


Elderly, Frailty, Conceptual analysis, Frailty instrument.


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