The Behavior of Magnetized PV-Th Integrated Organic Rankine Cycle ORC with Cooling Capabilities

International Journal of Thermal Engineering
© 2022 by SSRG - IJTE Journal
Volume 8 Issue 1
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : S. Sami
How to Cite?

S. Sami, "The Behavior of Magnetized PV-Th Integrated Organic Rankine Cycle ORC with Cooling Capabilities," SSRG International Journal of Thermal Engineering, vol. 8,  no. 1, pp. 1-12, 2022. Crossref,


This paper analyzes the behavior of magnetized nanofluids in PV Thermal integrated Organic Rankine Cycle, ORC, with cooling capabilities. This study is intended to investigate the enhancement effect of the magnetized nanofluids, AI2O3, CuO, Fe3O4, and SiO2, on the performance of the hybrid system composed of PV Thermal, ORC, and cooling capabilities. A special quaternary refrigerant mixture was used in the ORC cycle to enhance the ORC efficiency, which is environmentally sound. It has been shown that the enhancement of the efficiency of the hybrid system in question is significantly dependent upon not only the solar radiation but also the magnetized nanofluids and their concentrations and the type of nanofluid as well as the fluid temperature driving the ORC.


PV-Thermal solar collector, Nanofluids, Magnetic field, Organic Rankine Cycle, Cooling, Modelling, Simulation.


[1] Orosz M, Dickes R, Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Power Systems, Technologies, and Applications, Woodhead Publishing: Swanston, UK. (2017) 569–612. doi:10.1016/B978-0-08-100510-1.00016-8.
[2] FreemanaI J, Guarracinoa L, Kalogiroub S.A, Markidesa C.N, A Small-Scale Organic Rankine Cycle Combined Heat and Power System with Integrated Thermal Energy Storage. Appl. Therm. Eng. 127 (2017) 1543–1554.
[3] Nagarajan P.K, Subramani J, Suyambazhahan S, Ravishankar S, Nanofluids for Solar Collector Applications: a Review, Energy Procedia. 61 (2014) 2416–2434.
[4] R.S. Mishra & Yunis khan, Thermodynamic Analysis of ORC Based Thermal Power Plant for Performance Improvement - A Review, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Innovation. 2(4) (2018) 306-324
[5] Navid B, Maryam S, Performance Evaluation of Nanofluids in Solar Energy: A Review of the Recent Literature, Nano Syst. Lett. 3(5) (2015). doi:10.1186/s40486-015-0014-2.
[6] S. Sami, Analysis of Nanofluids Behavior in Concentrated Solar Power Collectors with Organic Rankine Cycle, Appl. Syst. Innov. 2 (2019) 0022. doi:10.3390/asi2030022
[7] Sami S, and E Marin, A Numerical Model for Predicting the Performance of Solar Photovoltaic, Biomass, and CHP Hybrid System for Electricity Generation, International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology. 4(1) (2017) 1- 22.
[8] Fargali H.M, F.H Fahmy, and M.A Hassan, A Simulation Model for Predicting the Performance of PV/Wind-Powered Geothermal Space Heating System in Egypt, Online Journal on Electronics and Electrical Engineering. 2(4) (2008).
[9] S. Sami, Impact of Nanofluids on Performance of Solar Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel and Heat Pipe Hybrid System, SSRG International Journal of Thermal Engineering. 7(1) (2021) 5-20. doi:10.14445/23950250/IJTE-V7I1P102.
[10] S. Sami, Impact of Magnetic Field on the Dynamic Performance of Photovoltaic-Thermal Panel with Nanofluid, Chemical Science International Journal. 30(6) (2021) 35-58. DOI: 10.9734/CSJI/2021/v30i630237
[11] Sami S, Behavior of ORC Low-Temperature Power Generation with Different Refrigerants. Int. J. Ambient Energy. 32 (2011) 37–45. doi:10.1080/01430750.2011.584451.
[12] S Sami, and E Marin, Effect of Solar Radiations on the Performance of Heat Pipes Driven by Magnetized Nanofluids, SSRG International Journal of Thermal Engineering. 7(2) (2021) 7–18. doi:10.14445/23950250/IJTE–V7I2P102© 2021
[13] S. Sami, Analysis of Nanofluids Behavior in a PV-Thermal-Driven Organic Rankine Cycle with Cooling Capability, Appl. Syst. Innov. 3 (2020) 12. doi:10.3390/asi3010012,
[14] Du J, Li L, Zhuo Q, Wang R, Zhu Z, Investigation on Inertial Sorter Coupled with Magnetophoretic Effect for Nonmagnetic Microparticles, Micromachines. 11 (2020) 566.
[15] Asmaa Ahmed, Hasan Baig, Senthilarasu Sundaram, and Tapas K. Mallick, Use of Nanofluids in Solar PV/Thermal Systems, International Journal of Photoenergy. 2019 (2019) 17.
[16] Parth Prajapati, and Vivek Patel, Multi-Objective Optimization of CUO Based Organic Rankine Cycle Operated Using R245ca, E3S Web of Conferences, ASEE19. 116 (2019) 00062.
[17] A.G.Olabiab, Khaled, Elsaid, Enas, Taha.Sayed, Mohamed.S.Mahmoud, Tabbi.Wilberforce, Raid J.Hassi, Mohammad Ali, Abdelkareemade, Application of Nanofluids for Enhanced Waste Heat Recovery: a Review, Nano Energy. 84 (2021) 105871.
[18] Maria E.Mondejara, Jesper, G.Andreasen, Maria, Regidor, Stefano Riva, Georgios Kontogeorgis, Giacomo Persico, and Fredrik, Haglind, Prospects of the Use of Nanofluids as Working Fluids for Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systems, Energy Procedia. 129 (2017) 160-167.
[19] Hussain, Zoraiz, Nanofluids in ORC. (2021). DOI:10.13140/RG.2.2.27384.88321, 2021/01/05
[20] Aramesh M, Pourfayaz F, Kasaeian A, Numerical Investigation of the Nanofluid Effects on the Heat Extraction Process of Solar Ponds in the Transient Step. Sol. Energy. 157 (2017) 869–879.
[21] Gustavo Guzmán, Lucía De Los Reyes, Eliana Noriega, Hermes Ramírez, Antonio Bula and Armando Fontalvo, Thermal Optimization of a Dual Pressure Goswami Cycle for Low Grade Thermal Sources, Entropy. 21 (2019) 711. doi:10.3390/e21070711
[22] Reyhaneh Loni, Gholamhassan Najafi, Ezzatollah Askari Asli-Ardeh, Barat Ghobadian, Willem G. Le Roux and Talal Yusaf, Appl. Sci. 9 (2019) 3048. doi:10.3390/app9153048
[23] M.N.Karimi, A. Dutta, A. Kaushik, H. Bansal, S. Z. Haque, A Review of Organic Rankine, Kalina and Goswami Cycle, International Journal of Engineering Technology, Management and Applied Sciences. 3.
[24] Goswami D.Y, Solar Thermal Power: Status of Technologies and Opportunities for Research. Heat Mass Transf. Conf. 95 (1995) 57–60.
[25] D. Yogi Goswami, Feng Xu, Analysis of a New Thermodynamic Cycle for Combined Power and Cooling Using Low and Mid Temperature Solar Collectors, J. Sol. Energy Eng. 121(2) (1999) 91-97.
[26] R. Karaal, Exergy Analysis of a Combined Power and Cooling Cycle, Special issue of the 2nd International Conference on Computational and Experimental Science and Engineering, Acta Physica Polonica a No. 1, (ICCESEN 2015). 130 (2016).
[27] George, Kosmadakis, Arnaud, Landelle, Marija, Lazova, Dimitris, Manolakos, Alihan Kaya, Henk Huisseune, Christos-Spyridon, Karavas, Nicolas, Tauveron, Remi Revellin, Philippe Haberschill, Michel De Paepe, George Papadaki, Experimental Testing of a Low-Temperature Organic Rankine Cycle, (ORC) Engine Coupled with Concentrating PV/Thermal Collectors: Laboratory and Field Tests Energy. 117 (2016) 222-236.
[28] (2013). Refprop. [Online]. Available:
[29] Sharma K.V, Akilu S, Hassan S, Hegde G, Considerations on the Thermophysical Properties of Nanofluids. In Engineering Applications of Nanotechnology, Topics in Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering; Springer: Berlin, Germany. (2017). doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29761-3_2.
[30] Sami S. Impact of Magnetic Field on the Enhancement of Performance of Thermal Solar Collectors Using Nanofluids. Int. J. Ambient Energy. 40 (2019) 1–10. doi:10.1080/01430750.2018.1437561.
[31] Cem L. Altan, Alper Elkatmis, Merve Yusel, Necdet Aslan, and Seyda Bucak, Enhancement of Thermal Conductivity Upon Applying a Magnetic Field to Fe3O4 Nanofluids, Journal of Applied Physics. 110 (2011) 093917.
[32] Allen C, Magnetic Field Enhancement Thermal Conductivity Analysis of Magnetic Nanofluids, MScE, the University of Texas at Arlington, (2015).
[33] Ajay Katiyara, Purbarun Dharb, Tandra Nandic, Sarit K. Dasb, Magnetic Field-Induced Augmented Thermal Conduction Phenomenon in Magnetonanocolloids, School Of Mechanical, Materials, and Energy Engineering (SMMEE), Indian Institute of Technology Ropar, Rupnagar–140001, India. (2015).
[34] M. S. A. Rahim, I. Ismail, Review of Magnetorheological Fluids and Nanofluids Thermal Behavior, Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng.100 01204, 2015 3rd International Conference of Mechanical Engineering Research (ICMER 2015) IOP Publishing IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 100 (2015) 012040. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/100/1/012040
[35] Eggers, Jan Rudolf and Lange, Eckart Matthias and Kabelac, Stephan, Particle Migration in Isobaric and Flash Evaporation of Nanofluids, Forschung IM Ingenieurwesen. 80(3-4) (2016) 101-109.
[36] Sheikoleslami M, Zia Q.M.Z, Ellahi R, Influence of Induced Magnetic Field on Free Convection of Nanofluid Considering Koo-Kleinstreuer-Li (KKL) Correlation, Appl. Sci. 6(11) (2016) 324.
[37] Mohammad S.B, Mehdi M, Maryam M, Optical and Thermal Analysis of a Parabolic Trough Solar Collector for Thermal Energy Production in Different Climates in Iran with a Comparison Between the Conventional Nanofluids. J. Clean. Prod. 175 (2018) 294–313.
[38] Lazarus Godson, B. Raja, D. Mohan Lal, S. Wongwises c, Enhancement of Heat Transfer Using Nanofluids—An Overview, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 14 (2010) 629–641.
[39] Maiga Sidi E, Palm S.J, Tam N.C, Gilles R, Nicolas G, Heat Transfer Enhancements by Using Nanofluids in Forced Convection Flows. Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow. 26 (2005) 530-546.
[40] Anoop K.B, Patel H.E, Sundararajan T, Das S.K, Numerical Study of Convective Lamina Heat Transfer in Nanofluids. Int. Heat Transfer Conf. (2006).
[41] Buongiorno J, Convective Transport in Nanofluids. J. Heat Transfer. 128 (2006) 240-250.
[42] Katiyar A, Dhar P, Nandi T, Das S.K, Magnetic Field-Induced Augmented Thermal Conduction Phenomenon in Magneto-Nanocolloids. J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 419 (2016) 588–599. doi:10.1016/j.jmmm.2016.06.065.