Study on Pre-fabricated Modular and Steel Structures

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2016 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 3 Issue 5
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : Prajjwal Paudel, Sagar Dulal, Madan Bhandari, Amit Kumar Tomar
How to Cite?

Prajjwal Paudel, Sagar Dulal, Madan Bhandari, Amit Kumar Tomar, "Study on Pre-fabricated Modular and Steel Structures," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 3,  no. 5, pp. 7-14, 2016. Crossref,


 Recent devastating earthquakes of 7.8 magnitudes in Nepal on 24-04-2015 had destroyed many houses and took many lives. These many losses are due to poor building techniques and heavy building materials. In the developed countries like Japan, China, etc. the earthquakes do not affect the lives and destroy the houses. This is because they use the pre-fabrication building techniques and steel or aluminum frame structures rather than heavy concrete building structures. The prefabricated house is constructed by light steel frame to sandwich panels for the building envelope materials, as a standard module for space series combination of components, the bolt connection, and the new concept of environmental protection economic activities in prefabricated house. The prefabricated components are brought to the site and erected using building block type construction. Work is never delayed by curing time or missing materials and can be completed for 30 to 45 working days. Further study shows that it can also lower the total cost of the project by 12 percent as compare to the traditionally build house using traditional materials such as CHB (Concrete Hollow Blocks). This paper includes the study on steel structures and pre-fabricated structures. In a general survey, many people were asked about the types of houses they prefer; one common reply was earthquake resistant and economical houses. This paper also includes analysis and research on the quality, strength, environment friendly, costing and the comparison between the traditional buildings and pre-fabricated buildings. The study aims to introduce and to provide more knowledge about modular house to educate the market and to address the concern of every sector of the society especially the depressed areas of the society for a beautiful, stable and affordable shelter.



pre-fabrication, aluminum frame structures, earthquake resistant structures, economical houses, environment friendly, CHB, affordable shelter.


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