Implementation of Lean Construction And Its Problems On Construction Projects In India

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2020 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 7 Issue 7
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : S M Renuka, S Arunkumar, C Umarani
How to Cite?

S M Renuka, S Arunkumar, C Umarani, "Implementation of Lean Construction And Its Problems On Construction Projects In India," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 7,  no. 7, pp. 11-19, 2020. Crossref,


The construction projects are festered with delays and cost over-runs in India. The basic wastages that create delays and cost overruns have occurred in time, men, money, material, and machines. These wastages can be reduced by applying better construction management practices like lean construction in the projects. The lean construction principles can be introduced into the projects by applying the tools like Last Planner System, The 5s process, First, run studies, Increased visualization and Value Stream Mapping, etc., The implementation of these tools is a difficult task in the construction sector which refuses to shed the conventional practices. The need to study the exact problems in the implementation of lean tools is essential to improve the efficiency of implementation. The application feasibility of the Lean Project Delivery System (LPDS), which is nothing but applying lean principles in all stages of construction, is yet to be studied in the Indian context. This project is aimed to study the implementation process of lean construction and its associated problems using a quantitative study. A questionnaire was prepared for collecting data from the lean practitioners all over the country. The collected data were analyzed statistically and the variables were ranked by the Analytic Hierarchy Process. The obtained results from this quantitative study revealed the prominent problems in the implementation of lean which are lack of top management support, lack of collaboration from all the stakeholders in the project, and reluctance to follow the new strategy. Regarding the application feasibility of LPDS, it is found out to be low in the Indian construction context which is in the primitive stage of lean construction evolution


Lean construction, Implementation problems, LPDS feasibility


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