Structural Forms Systems for Tall Building Structures

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2014 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 1 Issue 4
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Er. Nishant Rana, SiddhantRana
How to Cite?

Er. Nishant Rana, SiddhantRana, "Structural Forms Systems for Tall Building Structures," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 1,  no. 4, pp. 33-36, 2014. Crossref,


The term structural form systems in structural engineering refers to lateral loadresisting system of a structure. The structural forms employed in the high-rise structures transfers loads through structural components which are connected with each other in an efficient manner. The commonly used structural forms can be classified into different categories, depending on the type of stresses that may arise in the structural members due to the application of loads. Sometimes two or more of the basic structural forms may be combined in a single structural form systemto form a hybrid system in order to meet the structures operational requirements. The structural system of a tall building is designed to deal with vertical gravity loads and mainly the lateral loads caused by wind and seismic activity. The structural system consists of only the members designed to carry the loads, all other members which does not participate in carrying loads are referred as non-structural members. From the point of view of structural engineer, the determination of the structural systemfor a tall building structures would ideally involve the selection and arrangement of the major structural elements to resist most efficiently the various combinations of gravity and lateral loading. A major consideration affecting the structural system is the intended function of thebuilding which a building is going to serve.The paper reviews some of themajor types of structural form systems employed for modern tall buildings structures.


Introduction, Braced-Frame Structures, Framed Tube Structures, OutriggerBraced Structure, Shear Wall Structures.


[1] Keynote Lecture CIB 2004 World Building Congress Toronto, Ontario Canada.
[2]Bryan Stafford Smith and Alex Coull, Tall Building Structures-Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
[3]Outrigger Design for High-Rise Buildings, An output of CTBUH