Progressive Collapse Analysis with Various Lateral Load Resisting Systems

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2021 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 8 Issue 5
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Vaidehi J. Patel, Snehal V. Mevada, Sumant B. Patel
How to Cite?

Vaidehi J. Patel, Snehal V. Mevada, Sumant B. Patel, "Progressive Collapse Analysis with Various Lateral Load Resisting Systems," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 8,  no. 5, pp. 35-44, 2021. Crossref,


In this study, the progressive collapse potential of 10 storey reinforced concrete building with lateral load resisting systems are investigated. Two lateral load resisting system is considered named as bracing, and shear wall and their performance are compared with those of reinforced concrete building without lateral load resisting system with the same design load and seismic parameters. Linear static analysis and nonlinear static analysis (pushdown analysis) are carried out for different ground-story column removal cases. According to the linear static analysis result, members of both lateral load resisting systems have Demand Capacity Ratio values under permissible limit except RC building with the shear wall has not under the permissible limit of 2 for two cases. Pushdown analysis results show that all three types of structure have sufficient strength to resist progressive collapse. RC building with Bracing gives the better result as compared to the shear wall with reduced size of column for all cases.


Progressive collapse, Alternate path method, Demand Capacity Ratio, Lateral Load Resisting System.


[1] A. Ch. Salmasi and M. R. Sheidaii, Assessment of eccentrically braced frames strength against progressive collapse, International Journal of Steel Structures, 17(2) (2017) 543-551.
[2] A. Naji and M. K. Zadeh, Progressive collapse analysis of steel braced frames, Pract. Period. Struct. Des. Constr., 24(2) (2019) 04019004-(1-9).
[3] A. Naji and M. R. Ommetalab, Horizontal bracing to enhance progressive collapse resistance of steel moment frames, The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 28(7) (2019) 1-15.
[4] D. D. Joshi, P. V. Patel and S. J. Tank, Linear and nonlinear static analysis for assessment of progressive collapse potential of multistoried building, Structure Congress, April 2012.
[5] General Services Administration (GSA), (2003), Progressive collapse analysis and design guidelines for new federal office buildings and major modernization projects, The U.S. General Services Administration.
[6] IS 456: 2000, Plain and reinforced concrete- code of practice, Bureau of Indian Standards.
[7] IS 1893 (Part 1): 2016, Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures, Bureau of Indian Standards.
[8] J. Kim, Y. Lee and H. Choi, Progressive collapse resisting capacity of braced frames, Struct. Design Tall Spec. Build., 20 (2011) 257–270.
[9] K. Khandelwal and S. EI-Tawil, Pushdown resistance as a measure of robustness in progressive collapse analysis, Engineering Structures, 33(9) (2011) 2653-2661.
[10] M. A. Shayanfar and M. M. Javidan, Progressive collapse-resisting mechanisms and robustness of RC frame–shear wall structures, Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, 31(5) (2017) 04017045-(1-12).
[11] M. Tsai and T. Huang, Progressive collapse analysis of an RC building with exterior non-structural walls, Procedia Engineering, 14 (2011) 377-384.
[12] N. Mashhadiali and A. Kheyroddin, Progressive collapse assessment of new hexagrid structural system for tall buildings, The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 23(12) (2014) 947-961.
[13] N. Mashhadiali, M. Gholhaki, A. Kheyroddin and R. Zahiri-Hashemi, Technical note: Analytical evaluation of the vulnerability of framed tall buildings with steel plate shear wall to progressive collapse, Int J Civ Eng, 14 (2016) 595-608.