Effect of Plastic Bottle Arrangement on the Performance in Self-Compacting Concrete Block

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2021 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 8 Issue 9
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Ahmed Omar Robleh, David Otieno Koteng, Charles Karimi Kabubo
How to Cite?

Ahmed Omar Robleh, David Otieno Koteng, Charles Karimi Kabubo, "Effect of Plastic Bottle Arrangement on the Performance in Self-Compacting Concrete Block," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 8,  no. 9, pp. 7-13, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488352/IJCE-V8I9P102


This study aims to determine the effect of plastic bottle arrangement on self-compacting concrete (SCC) blocks. SCC was adopted because of lack of spacing and fear of damaging the bottles during the compaction. 350 ml plastic bottles were used with four different arrangements inside the SCC blocks. The plastic bottles reduced the volume of concrete needed by 23%. The size of blocks used in the study was 400x150x200 mm. The blocks were tested for compressive strength, density, and absorption according to the ASTM C140 standard. In addition, thermal conductivity and ultrasonic pulse velocity were also conducted. The SCC blocks with bottles satisfied the ASTM C129 requirements for non-load bearing blocks in terms of strength, absorption, and lightweight blocks. This study has also indicated that the thermal conductivity could be reduced by up to 56% compared to the SCC blocks without bottles. Therefore, it is recommended that the construction industry can use these blocks to minimize the dead weight of buildings and provide an avenue for the disposal of plastic waste.


concrete block, plastic bottles, self-compacting concrete, waste management.


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