Performance of Building with Composite Structural Elements Subjected to Lateral Loads

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2022 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 9 Issue 6
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Tobin Nainan, Snehal V. Mevada, Sumant B. Patel, Abhay Gupta
How to Cite?

Tobin Nainan, Snehal V. Mevada, Sumant B. Patel, Abhay Gupta, "Performance of Building with Composite Structural Elements Subjected to Lateral Loads," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 9,  no. 6, pp. 1-14, 2022. Crossref,


This paper presents the comparative study of composite columns Concrete Encased I-section (C.E.S.) and Concrete Filled Steel Tube (CFST) along with the conventional R.C.C. columns for a 10-storey building subjected to lateral loading. Shear walls and bracings are used as lateral load resisting systems. ETABS software is used to model and analyze both symmetric and asymmetric loading. The seismic analysis is done according to I.S. 1893:2016 Part 1, and the wind forces are according to I.S. 875:2015 Part 3. All composite columns are designed according to Eurocode-4. The results are plotted for base shear, natural period, inter-storey drifts, and displacement. It is observed that the period is higher in the case of composite columns, while the base shear is much lesser than that compared to R.C.C. columns. The composite columns with bracings give the minimum value of storey drift when subjected to lateral loads.


CFST, C.E.S., Lateral loads, Shear walls, Bracings, Base shear, Period, Storey drift.


[1] Naresh Kumar Reddy Lomada, and Guvvala Bhagyamma, “Comparison of Seismic Behavior of a Typical Multi-Storey Structure with Composite Columns and Steel Columns,” Aut Aut Research Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 151-156, 2021. Crossref, Aut.2020.V11I12.463782.00921
[2] Publication I, (n.d.), “Multi-Storey Building with Reinforced Concrete and Composite Shear Wall Systems,”
[3] Jun Mo, Brian Uy, et al., “Review of the Behaviour and Design of Steel–Concrete Composite Shear Walls,” Structures, vol. 31, pp. 1230-1253, 2021. Crossref,
[4] Papavasileiou G. S, and Charmpis D. C, “Seismic Design Optimization of Multi–Storey Steel–Concrete Composite Buildings,” Computers & Structures, vol. 170, pp. 49-61, 2016. Crossref,
[5] Todea V, Dan D, Florut S. C, and Stoian V, “Experimental Investigations on the Seismic Behavior of Composite Steel Concrete Coupled Shear Walls with Central Openings,” Structures, vol. 33, pp. 878-896, 2021. Crossref,
[6] Beena Kumari, “Concrete Filled Steel Tubular (CFST) Columns in Composite Structures,” IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (IOSR-JEEE), vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 11-18, 2018. Crossref,
[7] Tubachi U. R, and Manohar K, “Analysis of Steel Concrete Composite Structure and it's Comparison with R.C.C. Structure,” International Journal of Engineering Science and Computing, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 23147-23152, 2019.
[8] Sattainathan Sharma A, Anjughap Priya R, et al., “Comparative Study on Multi-storey Structure of R.C.C and Composite Material,” Indian Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 9, no. 2, 2016. Crossref,
[9] Sachin S, “Study of Seismic Behaviour on Multi-Storied Buildings with Composite Columns,” International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 4779-4785, 2018. Crossref,
[10] Serras D. N, Skalomenos K. A, and Hatzigeorgiou G. D, “A Displacement/Damage Controlled Seismic Design Method for MRFS with Concrete-Filled Steel Tubular Columns and Composite Beams,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 143 106608, 2021. Crossref,
[11] K. Ramadevi, and V. Sindhu, “A Review on Behaviour of Masonry Wall Panels in Precast Frames against Lateral Loads,” SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 27-29, 2020. Crossref,
[12] Columns-1, S. C. (n.d.), Steel-Concrete Composite Columns-1. 1 1–24.
[13] Columns-2, S. C. (n.d.). Steel-Concrete Composite Columns-2. 1 1–38.
[14] “IS 875: Design Loads other than Earthquake for Building and Structures- Code of Practice,” Part 3 Wind Loads, 2015.
[15] Bureau of Indian Standards, “IS 1893: Part-I Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures,” Part 1: General Provisions and Buildings, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1893, pp. 144, 2016.
[16] “IS 13920 IS 1893 Part 1- BIS, Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures Part 1 General Provision and Buildings,” Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 1893, pp. 1–20, 2016. [Online]. Available:
[17] “EN Eurocode 4: Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures- General Rules,” 1994.
[18] Ganwani N. V, “Comparative Study of R.C.C. and Steel-Concrete Composite Building based on Seismic Analysis,” International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology, vol. 4, no. 30, pp. 2-5, 2016.
[19] Nitish M, Mohite A, et al., “Comparative Analysis of R.C.C. and Steel-Concrete-Composite (B+G+ 11 Storey) Building,” International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 1-6, 2015.
[20] Etli S, and Güneyisi E.M, “Assessment of Seismic Behavior Factor of Code-Designed Steel–Concrete Composite Buildings,” Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol. 46, pp. 4271-4292, 2021. Crossref, 9
[21] Taranath B. S, “Wind and Earthquake Resistant Buildings,” In Wind and Earthquake Resistant Buildings, 2004.
[22] Design of P.E.B Type Steel-Concrete Composite Building for Resettlement and Rehabilitation Projects.
[23] Composite Structure/ Concrete Civil, 2016.
[24] [Online]. Available:
[25] [Online]. Available:
[26] [Online]. Available: