Effect of Temperature on Durability of High Volumes of Slag Concrete

International Journal of Civil Engineering
© 2016 by SSRG - IJCE Journal
Volume 3 Issue 2
Year of Publication : 2016
Authors : T. Vijaya Gowri, P.Sravana, P.Srinivasa Rao
How to Cite?

T. Vijaya Gowri, P.Sravana, P.Srinivasa Rao, "Effect of Temperature on Durability of High Volumes of Slag Concrete," SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 3,  no. 2, pp. 6-12, 2016. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488352/IJCE-V3I2P102


Concrete is an important material used in constructions like buildings, pavements, bridges etc. often subjected to environmental impact loads. The durability of concrete and strength of concrete are affected when the concrete is exposed to fire accidents in the buildings and at high temperature in case of concrete pavements. This paper presents the results of experimental studies conducted on performance of High Volumes of Slag Concrete (HVSC) exposed to elevated temperatures up to 600oC. In HVSC, 50% of cement is replaced with Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBS). In this experimental studies, HVSC of 100 mm cubes are cast and tested for various water/binder ratios ranging from 0.55 to 0.27. The specimens are exposed to elevated temperatures of 200oC, 400oC and 600oC for 4, 8, 12 hours. Result of compressive strengths and weights of cubes after expose to high temperature are estimated. Percentage loss in compressive strengths and weights are also evaluated. The results illustrate that the loss in compressive strength and weights are more for higher temperatures for longer duration for higher water/binder ratios.


High Volumes of Slag Concrete, Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, elevated temperatures.


[1] Santosh Kumar Karri, G.V.Rama Rao, P.Markandeya Raju, “Strength and Durability Studies on GGBS Concrete”, SSRG International Journal of Civil Engineering (SSRG-IJCE) – volume 2 Issue 10 October 2015, pp-34-41.
[2] R. Sri Ravindrarajah, R. Lopez and H. Reslan, “Effect of Elevated Temperature on the Properties of High-Strength Concrete containing Cement Supplementary Materials”, 9th International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, Brisbane, Australia, 17-20th March, 2002.
[3] Albert Noumowé, Rafat Siddique, Guillaume Ranc, “Thermomechanical characteristics of concrete at elevated temperatures up to 310 ◦C”, Nuclear Engineering and Design 239 (2009) 470–476.
[4] P. Sravana, P. Srinivasa Rao and P. Sravana, “Effect Of Thermal Cycles On Compressive Strength Of High Volume Fly Ash Concrete”, 31st Conference On Our World In Concrete & Structures: 16 – 17 August 2006, Singapore.
[5] F. Falade, E. E. Ikponmwosa and N. I. Ojediran, “Behaviour of Lightweight Concrete Containing Periwinkle Shells at Elevated Temperature”, Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 5, No. 4 (2010) 379 - 390 © School of Engineering, Taylor’s University.
[6] Rafat Siddique, Deepinder Kaur, “Properties of concrete containing ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) at elevated temperatures”, Journal of Advanced Research (2012), 45- 51.
[7] M.A.Pathan and M.A.Jamnu, “Compressive Strength of Conventional Concrete and High Strength Concrete with Temperature Effect”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies, IJAERS/Vol. I/ Issue III/April- June, 2012/101-102.
[8] Srinivasa Reddy V, Seshagiri Rao M V, Sreenivasa Rao D and Rahul K, “Studies on Bacterial Concrete Exposed to Elevated Temperatures and Thermal Cycles”, IRACST – Engineering Science and Technology: An International Journal (ESTIJ), ISSN: 2250-3498, Vol.3, No.1, February 2013.
[9] H. Shehab El – Din, Heba A. Mohamed, “Effect of Temperature on Strength of Concrete Strengthening With CFRP”, International Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2013.
[10] Saeed Ahmed Al.Sheikh, “Mechanical Properties for High Performance Concrete Exposed to High Temperature”, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, Volume 2, No 2, 2011, pp-438-444.
[11] A Ferhat Bingol & Rustem gul, “Compressive Strength of Light Weight Aggregate Concrete exposed to high temperatures”, Indian Journal of Engineering & Material Sciences Vol.11, February 2004,pp-68-72.
[12] Stephen S. Szoke, “Resistance to Fire and High Temperatures”, ©Reprinted by permission of ASTM International, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania 2006.
[13] S.H. Chowdhury, “Effect Of Elevated Temperature On Mechanical Properties Of High Strength Concrete”, 23rd Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials (ACMSM23), Byron Bay, Australia, 9-12 December 2014, S.T. Smith (Ed.)