Implementation of Ant Colony Optimization For Call Drop In Gsm Network

International Journal of Computer Science and Engineering
© 2020 by SSRG - IJCSE Journal
Volume 7 Issue 2
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : L. G. Igakeh, V. I. E. Anireh, D. Matthias

How to Cite?

L. G. Igakeh, V. I. E. Anireh, D. Matthias, "Implementation of Ant Colony Optimization For Call Drop In Gsm Network," SSRG International Journal of Computer Science and Engineering , vol. 7,  no. 2, pp. 57-67, 2020. Crossref,


Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) handover failure due to poor signal have resulted to call drop because is based on signal strength received by Mobile Base Transceiver Station from current base transceiver station, when a mobile user is moving from one cell towards its neighbouring cell either trekking or driving, the received signal strength of mobile station decreases as it is moving far from its Base Transceiver Station and call is release suddenly. The three major Base Transceiver Station (BTS) hardware faults that causes call drops in live network distinctive features have been extracted to form call-drop dataset. The researcher provided a design model for Call Drop Threshold Getter (CDTG) and Call Drop Predicting System (CDPS). An Object Oriented Software Development(OOSD) which incorporates Object Oriented Analysis and Object Oriented Design plan was similarly embraced to help indicate the relationship between an object and its class. Training and simulation were performed on the dataset using Ant Colony Optimization. Prediction was made based on the optimum value obtained. The result shows that, the network performance varies as a result of variation in the base transmission stations in their area that is, the distance away from the base transceiver station then call will drop and the closer you are to the base transceiver station then no call drop, hence general network performance status is fair and users may experience call drop.


GSM, Call Drop, Ant Colony Optimization, Base Transceiver Station, threshold Value and Optimum Value.


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