A Novel Hybrid-MAC Protocol for Densely Deployed Adhoc Machine-to-Machine Networks

International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering
© 2020 by SSRG - IJECE Journal
Volume 7 Issue 3
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Devesh Tyagi, Rajneesh Agrawal, Dr. Hari Mohan Singh
How to Cite?

Devesh Tyagi, Rajneesh Agrawal, Dr. Hari Mohan Singh, "A Novel Hybrid-MAC Protocol for Densely Deployed Adhoc Machine-to-Machine Networks," SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 7,  no. 3, pp. 6-16, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488549/IJECE-V7I3P102


This paper contains a new hybrid MAC framework, an instantiation related to medium access systems based on contention and reservations. We suppose that this instantiation is a framework consisting primarily of two parts. These are containment interval ‘CI’ & information interval ‘DTI.’ The length of CI follows the p-persistent CMA system. This facilitates channel access by M-2-M appliances. The effective systems gain slots of time & transmit packets of information after a dispute during DTI. In this suggested MAC-Hybrid protocol, the DTI period follows the Time-Division-Multiple-Access (TDMA) mechanism, enabling each M-2-M instrument to operate IEEE 802.11 DCF. A transmission system communicates within every TDMA time slot with its respective one-hop remote storage unit using the DCF protocol of IEEE 802.11 to reduce the different constraints of TDMA. The suggested hybrid-MAC protocol considerably enhances performances compared with slotting-ALOHA, p-persistent CSMA, and TDMA systems in the field of overall throughput, median delivery delay, channel supply, and power consumption.
Here the also suggestion of a new MAC protocol to enable more devices in every TDMA time slot is given. This protocol works with a single channel and transceiver, allowing spatial reuse to allow multiple M-2-M appliances to access the channel concurrently and considerably improve the hybrid MAC protocol’s performance. This MAC protocol inserts extra entry distances (AAIs) between control packet injection (RTS / CTS) and information packet transmission (DATA / ACK). If, in every time-slot during the ‘DTI of the hybrid-mac frame,’ M-2-M devices communicate with one another using this proposed MAC (instead of IEEE 802.11 – DCF suggested as in previous cases), a series of RTS / CTS interchanges between the device in the vicinity of the transmission / receiving device allowing potential concurrent data transmissions. This leads to important improved hybrid-MAC image performance relative to the IEEE 802.11 - MAC protocol.
Finally, with the number of simultaneous transmissions increasing within one TDMA slot of hybrid MAC-protocol, this results in the interference among M-2-M appliances in the local geographically interacting region. To reduce the interference and accommodate the more M-2-M appliances in a hybrid MAC framework, Multiple Beam Array-Medium Access Control (MBAA-MAC) interact mutually with the use of a MAC-protocol in every TDMA Time Slots of the hybrid MAC framework. This also makes the hybrid-MAC frame scalable and increases further, compared with IEEE 802.11 MAC-protocol; the output of hybrid-MAC frame.


TDMA, MAC Protocol, TDMA, open-system-interconnection, and distinctive service quality


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