Collided Vehicle Position Detection using GPS & Reporting System through GSM

International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering
© 2015 by SSRG - IJECE Journal
Volume 2 Issue 4
Year of Publication : 2015
Authors : M.M.Raghaveendra , N.Sahitya , N.Nikhila and S.Sravani
How to Cite?

M.M.Raghaveendra , N.Sahitya , N.Nikhila and S.Sravani, "Collided Vehicle Position Detection using GPS & Reporting System through GSM," SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 2,  no. 4, pp. 15-18, 2015. Crossref,


The purpose of this project work is to detect the location of collided vehicle, means where exactly the accident took place. The system designed here is very useful for certain departments, by which they can send their medical team to the exact spot where accident is took place, or police department persons can reach the spot immediately. In this concept the vehicle is not tracked continuously, whenever the vehicle is crashed, location information will be transmitted to the concern mobile automatically. Since it is a prototype module and availability of exact hit sensor is difficult, here magnetic switch is used to simulate the hit sensor. Whenever a small permanent magnet is brought near to the switch, it will be activated. These magnetic switches contain two metal plates in the form of long levers & are arranged in a glass container. As because of the flexible action of metal plates, whenever the vehicle crashes and due to the bumping action, plates are contacted with each other. Based on this signal, the controller collects the longitude & latitude data from GPS receiver, & the same is transmitted to the concern mobile through GSM module. The location of the vehicle is indicated using GPS (Global Positioning System) technology. Communication link between the vehicle & mobile is made possible through a GSM modem. GPS will give the information of parameters like longitude & latitude, based on this information, the crashed vehicle position can be identified very easily. The advantage of using GSM (Global System for Mobile) technique is that it doesn’t have any range restriction; the data can be acquired from anywhere from the world. The vehicle details & user mobile number are stored in microcontroller. Whenever the vehicle is crashed the Microcontroller gets the location of vehicle found by the GPS modem and sends the message to the same mobile using GSM modem. Smoke sensor is interfaced to microcontroller. When the pollution level is high, it sends the SMS to the authority. IR sensor is used to warn the probability of collision


AT89C51 Microcontroller, Bump Sensor, GPS, GSM, Gas Sensor, Smoke Sensor


[1] Mobile & Personal Communication Systems and Services- By: RAJPANDYA
[2] Programming and Customizing the 8051 Micro-controller- By: Myke Predko
[3] The concepts and Features of Micro-controllers- By: Raj Kamal
[4] The 8051 Micro-controller Architecture, programming & Applications By: Kenneth J. Ayala
[5] GSM made simple -  By: George Lamb. Yani Batteau
[6] Principles & Applications of GSM - By: Vijay K. Gargand Joseph E. Wilkes
[7] GPS and Geo-caching in education -  By: Burt Lo
[8] GPS for Land surveyors -  By: Jan Van Sickle