Motorization of Palm oil Extraction Process: Evidence from ManuelSpindle Press
|International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering|
|© 2019 by SSRG - IJEEE Journal|
|Volume 6 Issue 5|
|Year of Publication : 2019|
|Authors : Uche C. Ogbuefi, Muncho J. Mbunwe, Chinweike C. Okoli|
How to Cite?
Uche C. Ogbuefi, Muncho J. Mbunwe, Chinweike C. Okoli, "Motorization of Palm oil Extraction Process: Evidence from ManuelSpindle Press," SSRG International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 49-55, 2019. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488379/IJEEE-V6I5P109
The importance of Palm tree in any economy cannot be forgotten in a hurry. It’s a very economic tree and every part of it is useful to the society. A large percentage of the palm oil produced by small-scale processors cannot be utilized by the larger scale industries in Nigeria or outside the country because of its poor quality. The processing of the palm fruit locally is crude and tedious for the local and middle class dwellers in palm oil producing communities in Nigeria. The drudgery and time spent in extracting palm oil discourages the youth and affect the productivity of palm oil in our rural communities. The main objective of this study therefore was to re-design/motorize and test the performance evaluation of a manual spindle press palm oil processing machine which is commonly use in these communities. The existing spindle press was modified to incorporate an electric motor. The major components of the machine were standing frame, threaded shaft, speed reduction gear motor, driving and driven pulley and discharge outlet. The motorized machine was tested and was observed to replace the human energy needed in operation and also improved timeliness in operation and production was enhanced. From the quantity of oil produced, the performance efficiency of the machine was recorded as 79.78 percent both in timing and production output. The time taken to extract palm oil dropped from the usual 15 – 20mins used during human operation to 3 – 5mins using the modified motorized spindle press.
Extraction Process, Motorization, Manual Spindle, Palm Oil, Electric Motor, Performance Evaluation
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