International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering
© 2020 by SSRG - IJEEE Journal
Volume 7 Issue 7
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Sachin Jadhav, Dr. Rakesh G. Shrivastava, Prof. S.S. Khule
How to Cite?

Sachin Jadhav, Dr. Rakesh G. Shrivastava, Prof. S.S. Khule, "SFCL FOR MULTI-TERMINAL DC GRID PROTECTION SYSTEM," SSRG International Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 7,  no. 7, pp. 11-15, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488379/IJEEE-V7I7P103


During the last decade there has been an increasing interest in the High Voltage DC grids amongst researchers and policy makers. Protection has
been identified as a critical component in the realization of these multi-terminal direct current (MTDC) systems. The fault currents in the DC systems
are limited by the circuit resistance and inductance and thus are likely to reach very high values. This may also lead to voltage collapse. In order to limit the fault current magnitudes and to prevent voltage collapse use of superconducting fault current limiters (SCFCL) in MTDC system is proposed in this paper. The effectiveness of SCFCL in limiting the fault current along with sizing of SCFCL resistor are explored in this paper. The paper also discusses the effect of initial discharge and critical current setting of SCFCL.


multi-terminal direct current (MTDC) systems


[1] L. Tang, “Control and protection of multi-terminal dc transmissions systems based on voltage-source converters,” Ph.D. dissertation, McGill University, Quebec, Canada, 2003.
[2] Jose Arrillaga, “High Voltage Direct Current Transmission”. Herts,UK: The Institution of Engineering and Technology, 1998.
[3] N. Chaudhari, B. Chaudhari, R. Mujumder and A. Yazdani, “Multi-terminal Direct-Current Grids: Modeling, Analysis, and Control”. New York: Wiley Inc, 2014. A. Lesnicar and R. Marquardt, “An innovative modular multilevel converter topology suitable for a wide power range,” in Power Tech Conference Proceedings, 2003 IEEE Bologna, vol. 3, June 2003
[4] “Atlantic wind interconnection.” [Online]. Available: http://atlanticwindconnection.com/awcprojects/project-phases/New-jersey-energy-link
[5] T. Vrana, Y. Yang, S. Jovcic, D. and Dennetire, J. Jardini, and H. Saad, “The CIGRE B4 DC grid test system,” Electra, Aug 2014.
[6] “HVDC grids overview of CIGRE activities and personal views,” Electra, Aug 2014.
[7] J. Yang, “Fault analysis and protection for wind power generation systems,” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Glasgow, Glasgow,UK, 2011.
[8] M. Bucher and C. Franck, “Contribution of fault current sources in multi-terminal hvdc cable networks,” Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1796–1803, July 2013.
[9] Dr.B.Suresh Babu, "Real Power Loss Minimization of AC/DC Hybrid Systems with Reactive Power Compensation by using Self Adaptive Firefly Algorithm" SSRG International Journal of Industrial Engineering 7.1 (2020)
[10] H. Bahirat, H. Hoidalen, and B. Mork, “Thevenin equivalent of voltage source converters for dc fault studies,” Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1–1, 2015.
[11] K. Tahata, S. El Oukaili, K. Kamei, D. Yoshida, Y. Kono, R. Yamamoto, and H. Ito, “Hvdc circuit breakers for hvdc grid applications,” in AC and DC Power Transmission, 11th IET International Conference on, Feb 2015, pp. 1–9.
[12] G. Ased, R. Li, D. Holliday, S. Finney, L. Xu, B. Williams, K. Kuroda, R. Yamamoto, and H. Ito, “Continued operation of multi-terminal hvdc networks based on modular multilevel converters,” 2014.
[13] M. Callavik, A. Blomberg, J. Hfner, and B. Jacobson, “The hybrid hvdc breaker: An innovation breakthrough enabling reliable hvdc grids,” 2012.
[14] P. Manohar and W. Ahmed, “Superconducting fault current limiter to mitigate the effect of dc line fault in vsc-hvdc system,” in Power, Signals, Controls and Computation (EPSCICON), 2012 International Conference on, Jan 2012, pp. 1–6.