Religious Tourism and Its Impact on Local Economy and Environment: A Case Study on Dakshineswar and Adyapeath, West Bengal, India

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
© 2019 by SSRG - IJHSS Journal
Volume 6 Issue 6
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Dr Md. Iqbal Sultan
How to Cite?

Dr Md. Iqbal Sultan, "Religious Tourism and Its Impact on Local Economy and Environment: A Case Study on Dakshineswar and Adyapeath, West Bengal, India," SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 6,  no. 6, pp. 85-91, 2019. Crossref,


In last few decades tourism has become a rising industry throughout the world. But religious tourism which is mostly related to the pilgrimage is marked by its antiquity. Dakshineswar and Adyapeath are two famous religious tourist spot of West Bengal, India. The famous Dakshineswar temple which houses the Goddess Kali was founded by Rani Rashmoni in the year of 1847. On the contrary Dakshineswar Ramkrishna Sangha Adyapeath was founded in 1921 by Annada Charan Bhattacharya who is popularly known as Sri Annada Thakur. Thousands of tourists and visitors come here throughout the year. Undoubtedly tourism development leads to economic and infrastructural development of a region. But it has some negative impact also. The aims of the article are to discuss the prospects and problems of religious tourism of the said areas. Recent skywalk project of West Bengal Government and its impact on locality is also a major topic of discussion.


religious tourism, pilgrimage, development, skywalk project


[1] A. Holden, “Environment and Tourism”, Routledge, USA, 2008
[2] A. Peat, “Travel and Modernist Literature: Sacred and Ethical Journeys” Taylor & Francis, US, 2011
[3] Annada S. Thakur, “Swapnajibon”, (a Bengali biography) Dakshineswar Ramakrishna Sangha, Adyapeath, West Bengal,2011
[4] Belden C. Lane, “Landscapes of the Sacred: Geography and Narrative in American Spirituality”, Baltimore and London, JHU Press, 2002
[5] C. Rojek, &J. Urry, ed. “Tourism and Culture : Transformations of Travel and Theory” London: Routledge,1997
[6] Daina L. Eck,“India: A Sacred Geography”, Replika Press Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, India, 2012
[7] J. Hutnyk,“The Rumour Of Calcutta : Tourism, Charity and the Poverty of Representation”, Zed Books London, 1996
[8] J. S. Scott, and P. Simpson-Housley eds. “Mapping the Sacred : Religion, Geography and Post Colonial Literatures”, Rodopi, Amsterdam, Netherland, 2001
[9] K. Dutta, “Calcutta: a cultural and literary history (Cities of the Imagination)”, Oxford, Signal Books, 2003
[10] L. Mishra, “Religious Tourism in India”, Mohit Publication, India, 2000
[11] M. D. Shipman,“The limitations of social research, Longman”, University of California, USA, 1997
[12] M.I. Sultan, “Appraisal of Geographical Realities in Bengali Travelogues on Foreign Countries in the Twentieth Century”, Ph.D thesis (unpublished), University of Calcutta, 2016
[13] M.I. Sultan, “Geographical Field Study: For Aught I know” Kolkata, Distributer: Techno world, 2011
[14] R.A Chadwick, “Some notes on Geography of Tourism : A comment”, Canadian Geography, 1981
[15] S. Prabhananda, “The Kali Temple at Dakshineswar and Sri Ramakrishna”, Vedanta Kesari, Vedanta Mass Media, India, 2003 Internet source: “Diverse Beliefs: Tourism of Faith Religious tourism gains ground” by Strategic Initiatives & Government Advisory (SIGA) Team, Mumbai, India 2012. Retrieved from