A Vivid Research on Gundīshāpūr Academy, the Birthplace of the Scholars and Physicians Endowed with Scientific and laudable qualities

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
© 2020 by SSRG - IJHSS Journal
Volume 7 Issue 5
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Mahmoud Abbasi, Nāsir pūyān (Nasser Pouyan)
How to Cite?

Mahmoud Abbasi, Nāsir pūyān (Nasser Pouyan), "A Vivid Research on Gundīshāpūr Academy, the Birthplace of the Scholars and Physicians Endowed with Scientific and laudable qualities," SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 7,  no. 5, pp. 38-54, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942703/IJHSS-V7I5P105


Iran also known as Persia, like its neighbor Iraq, can be studied as ancient civilization or a modern nation. According to Iranian mythology King Jamshīd introduced to his people the science of medicine and the arts and crafts. Before the establishment of Gundīshāpūr Academy, medical and semi-medical practices were exclusively the profession of a special group of physicians who belonged to the highest rank of the social classes. The Zoroastrian clergymen studied both theology and medicine and were called Atrāvān. Three types physicians were graduated from the existing medical schools of Hamedan, Ray and Perspolis.
Under the Sasanid dynasty Gundīshāpūr Academy was founded in Gundīshāpūr city which became the most important medical center during the 6th and 7th century. Under Muslim rule, at Bayt al-Ḥikma the systematic methods of Gundīshāpūr Academy and its ethical rules and regulations were emulated and it was stuffed with the graduates of the Academy. Finally, al-Muqaddasī (c.391/1000) described it as failing into ruins. Under the Pahlavī dynasty and Islamic Republic of Iran, the heritage of Gundīshāpūr Academy has been memorized by founding Ahwaz Jundīshāpūr University of Medical Sciences.


Gundīshāpūr Academy, medical school, teaching hospital, Bayt al-Ḥikma, Ahwaz Jundīshāpūr University of Medical Science, and Medical ethics.


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