Physical Activity and Inactivity Predictors of Life Satisfaction and Expectancy in Greek Older Adults: An Analysis from the SHARE Project (Wave 7)

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
© 2022 by SSRG - IJHSS Journal
Volume 9 Issue 4
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Eleni Theodoropoulou
pdf
How to Cite?

Eleni Theodoropoulou, "Physical Activity and Inactivity Predictors of Life Satisfaction and Expectancy in Greek Older Adults: An Analysis from the SHARE Project (Wave 7)," SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 9,  no. 4, pp. 42-46, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23942703/IJHSS-V9I4P107

Abstract:

Studies have indicated that participation in physical activity (PA) enhances health, life satisfaction and expectancy. In contrast, physical inactivity (PI) has been identified as the fourth risk factor for global mortality. The current study investigated PA and PI levels in Greek older adults. It examined various demographic, PA, PI and other health-related predictors of life satisfaction and expectancy, analyzing data from the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The SHARE is a cross-national database including individual data of non-institutionalized populations aged 50+ from 28 European countries. The current study analyzed the Greek sample participating in the SHARE “wave 7” research. In particular, the participants were 1.910 individuals, 816 men and 1.094 women (M=62.29, S=9.62 years). Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to explore life satisfaction and expectancy predictors while controlling demographic variables. The 23.2%, 13.9%, 31.2% and 31.7% of the individuals participated in vigorous PA once a week, > once a week, 1- 3 times/month and never, respectively. In addition, 27.1%, 55.5%, 10% and 7.4% of the adults participated in moderate PA once a week, > once a week, 1-3 times/month and never, respectively. The predictors accounted for 31% and 37% of the variance in life satisfaction and expectancy, respectively. Age, health, depression, PI and vigorous PA significantly predicted life satisfaction, while age, health, depression and PI significantly predicted life expectancy. The findings demonstrated the relevance of reducing PI and depression and promoting health and PA to enhance life satisfaction and expectancy

Keywords:

Physical activity, Sedentary, SHARE project, Life expectancy, Satisfaction with life.

References:

[1] E. Rudnicka, P. Napierała, A. Podfigurna, B. Męczekalski, R. Smolarczyk, & M. Grymowicz. The World Health Organization (WHO) approach to healthy ageing. Maturitas, 139, p. 6-11, 2020.
[2] OECD, Elderly Population (Demography), (2020). https://doi.org/10.1787/8d805ea1-en
[3] World Health Organization. Healthy ageing and functional ability. 2020. https://www.who.int/philippines/news/q-a-detail/healthy-ageing-and-functional-ability
[4] J.R. Beard, A. Office, I.A. Carvalho, R. Sadana, A.M., J.P. Michel, P. Lloyd-Sherlock, J.E. Epping-Jordan, G.M.E.E.G. Peeters, W.R. Mahanani, J.A. Thiyagarajan, & S. Chatterji. The world report on ageing and health: A policy framework for healthy ageing. Lancet. 21, 387, 10033, p. 2145-2154, 2016. Doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)00516-4.
[5] World Health Organization. Aging – healthy life expectancy. https://www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/topics/topic-details/mca/ageing---healthy-life-expectancy
[6] World Health Organization. Health promotion glossary. 1998. http://www.who.int/healthpromotion/about/HPRGlossary1998.pdf
[7] A. Sowa, B. Tobiasz-Adamczyk, R. Topór-Mądry, A. Poscia, & D.I. Milia. Predictors of healthy ageing: Public health policy targets. BMC Health Services Research. 16, 5, 289, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1520-5
[8] D.E.R. Warburton, & S.S.D. Bredin. Reflections on physical activity and health: What should we recommend? Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 32, 4, p. 495-504, 2016. Doi:10.1016/j.cjca.2016.01.024.
[9] World Health Organization. Global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030: More active people for a healthier world. Geneva: WHO press, 2018. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/272722/9789241514187-eng.pdf
[10] E. Theodoropoulou, N. Stavrou, & K. Karteroliotis. Neighborhood environment, physical activity and quality of life in adults: Intermediary effects of personal and psychosocial factors. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 6, p. 96-102, 2017. Doi: 10.1016/j.jshs.2016.01.021.
[11] European Commission (2019). Special Eurobarometer 412: Sport and physical activity. Brussels: European Commission. https://sport.ec.europa.eu/news/new-eurobarometer-on-sport-and-physical-activity
[12] SHARE - Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. www.share-project.org.
[13] A. Borsch-Supan, M. Brandt, C. Hunkler, T. Kneip, J. Korbmacher, F. Malter, B. Schaan, S. Stuck & S. Zuber. Data resource profile: The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). International Journal of Epidemiology, 42, p. 992–1001, 2013. Doi:10.1093/ije/dyt088
[14] A. Borsch-Supan (2020). Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) Wave 7. Release version: 7.1.1. SHARE-ERIC. Data set. Doi:10.6103/SHARE.w8cabeta.001
[15] F.Q. Nuttall. Body mass index: Obesity, BMI, and health: A critical review. Nutrition Today. 50, 3, p. 117-128, 2015. Doi: 10.1097/NT.0000000000000092
[16] B.G. Tabachnick, & L.S. Fidell. Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Allyn and Bacon. 2005.
[17] L. Lübs, J. Peplies, C. Drell, & K. Bammann. Cross-sectional and longitudinal factors influencing physical activity of 65 to 75-year-olds: a pan European cohort study based on the survey of health, ageing and retirement in Europe (SHARE). BMC Geriatrics. 18, 94, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0781-8
[18] C. Cunningham, R. O’ Sullivan, P. Caserotti, & M.A. Tully. Consequences of physical inactivity in older adults: A systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 30, 5, p. 816-827, 2020. Doi: 10.1111/sms.13616
[19] Theodoropoulou, E., Stavrou, N., & Karteroliotis, K. Validity and reliability of the Greek version of the Exercise Self-efficacy Scale. SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 8, 2, p. 54-59, 2021. Doi: 10.14445/23942703/IJHSS-V8I2P110
[20] S. Skender, J. Ose, J. Chang-Claude, M. Paskow, B. Brühmann, E.M. Siegel, K. Steindorfe, & C.M. Ulrich. Accelerometry and physical activity questionnaires - a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 16, 515, 2016. Doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3172-0.
[21] J.M. Warren, U. Ekelund, H. Besson, A. Mezzani, N. Geladas, & L. Vanhees, L. Assessment of physical activity – a review of methodologies with reference to epidemiological research: A report of the exercise physiology section of the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. 17, 2, p. 127-139, 2010. Doi:10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832ed875.