Three-fold subjugation and oppression: A study of Bama Faustina‟s Karukku

International Journal of Humanities and Social Science
© 2017 by SSRG - IJHSS Journal
Volume 4 Issue 6
Year of Publication : 2017
Authors : Vijay Kumar
How to Cite?

Vijay Kumar, "Three-fold subjugation and oppression: A study of Bama Faustina‟s Karukku," SSRG International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 4,  no. 6, pp. 1-4, 2017. Crossref,


If we talk about Fourth-World Literature, it becomes important to throw light on certain burning issues in the lives of those who are always suppressed and kept at margin in social, political and cultural affairs. They are known by the name of Dalit in India. Dalit literature has nothing to do with the world of imagination. It is all about the miseries, sorrows and insult of underdogs who are not considered as human beings with flesh and blood. Shame, anger and indomitable hope is the stuff of Dalit Literature. This paper attempts to deal with the Three-fold Subjugation and Oppression of Dalit women in Bama Faustina’s Karukku. It will analyse how Dlit women are exploited both inside the four-walls of their domestic life as well as in the society. They have been subjugated as women, dalit, and poor. Caste and religion has become a double-edged sword in their lives. In Bama’s opinion nothing can remove the tag of untouchability except education. Education is the only key that can lay any door open for dalit. Otherwise, caste becomes prevalent with the birth and lingered on till death. In other words, caste system in India is as old as mankind itself and it is very tough task to abolish it at all levels. Bama, even after her conversion to Christianity, found same kind of discrimination inside the Church also. But this paper will also throw light on the boldness and courage of the protagonist who retaliated through the power of pen. Through her strong will power she demonstrated great deal of resistance against age-old discrimination and exploitation, Dalit women have been facing from the time immemorial.


 Dalit, Exploitation, Discrimination, Caste, Poverty, Gender, Untouchable etc..


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[4] Rege, Sharmila. “‘Real Feminism’ and Dalit women.” Economic and Political Weekly ( Feb.52000): 492-495
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[7]>2008/03. Assessed. 05 Nov. 2017.