Experimental Investigation of Diesel Fuel Blended with Emulsified Biodiesel Produced from Orange Peel & Bran Oil on Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions Characteristics

International Journal of Mechanical Engineering
© 2020 by SSRG - IJME Journal
Volume 7 Issue 5
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : P.Janarthanan, Dr. K. Anandavelu, M.E., Ph.D
How to Cite?

P.Janarthanan, Dr. K. Anandavelu, M.E., Ph.D, "Experimental Investigation of Diesel Fuel Blended with Emulsified Biodiesel Produced from Orange Peel & Bran Oil on Diesel Engine Performance and Emissions Characteristics," SSRG International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 7,  no. 5, pp. 20-36, 2020. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488360/IJME-V7I5P104


This project aims to compare performance, emission, and combustion of orange and bran oil when blended with diesel in a single-cylinder four-stroke water-cooled direct injection diesel engine. Because of modernizations and the increase in the number of automobiles worldwide, diesel consumption has massively increased. As petroleum is a non-renewable major source of energy and its reserves are scare nowadays, there is a need for research in finding alternative fuels for automobiles. And also, biodiesels are renewable, non-toxic, and eco-friendly fuels that can play an important role in automobile industries. Based on the above facts, various studies and investigations are carried out with different vegetable oils to prepare cost-effective and reduced NOX with improved efficient biodiesel. After the intensive study, the identified was orange peel & bran oil. The intensive focus of alternative fuels for the compression ignition engines has been extracted from orange peel & bran oil is found to be potential Fuel for CI engines. The properties of orange peel & bran oil are determined by using standard techniques, and properties are compared with diesel.
The mixed orange peel & bran oil have a lesser cetane number than diesel, which prevented the 100% replacement of diesel with the mixed orange peel & bran oil in the diesel engines.
The mixing proportions are B25%, B50%, B75%, with varying percentage of exhaust gas recirculation. The analysis focuses on all regulated exhaust pollutants, i.e., Opacity, Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Carbon-Di-Oxide (CO2), and Unburned Hydrocarbons (UHC). Performance analyses such as Brake Power (BP), Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC), and Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE) are considered for experimental investigation.


Diesel Fuel, Diesel Engine


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