RF-Microwave Double-Balanced Diode Mixers as Up-Converter MMIC module in RF Front End Transmitter Section for 5G Communications
|International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering|
|© 2021 by SSRG - IJECE Journal|
|Volume 8 Issue 7|
|Year of Publication : 2021|
|Authors : Kanti Prasad, Abdul Syed|
How to Cite?
Kanti Prasad, Abdul Syed, "RF-Microwave Double-Balanced Diode Mixers as Up-Converter MMIC module in RF Front End Transmitter Section for 5G Communications," SSRG International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1-10, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/23488549/IJECE-V8I7P101
This paper presents design investigations of RF (Radio Frequency) Mixers in three configurations, namely Single Diode Mixer, Double Diodes based Balanced Mixer, and Quad Diodes based Double Balanced Mixer. Also, results for a comparative analysis of these designs with the Transmission lines implement microwave Balanced Diode Mixer and Microwave Double-Balanced Diode Mixers are shown. Mixer performance metrics such as Power spectrum at ports, Conversion Gain, and Isolation addressing Diode non-linearities are depicted thoroughly. Modeled results and analysis presented here benefit in realizing aneffectiveRFFront End Transmitter on a monolithic stage having minimal co-channel interferences and out-of-band rejection. Mixer operation in Microwave G-band (formerly C-band) encompassing low to mid 5G frequency regime for applications in the New 5G Radio spectrum is detailed exclusively for these conformations.
5G Communications, Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit (MMIC), Transmission lines, RF front end, Up-Converter mixer.
 Cornelis J. Kikkert, “RF Electronics Design and Simulation,” James Cook University Townsville, Queensland, Australia, 2013.
 E. Chan, “Design of a 5-6 GHz Single Balanced Schottky Diode Mixer,” Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, pp. 67- 71, 2003. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/APACE.2003.1234470
 A. M. Pavio et al., “Double Balanced Mixers Using Active and Passive Techniques,” IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 1948-1957, 1988. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/22.17439
 M. K. Lee et al., “A Novel 94-GHz MHMET-Based Diode Mixer Using a 3–dB Tandem Coupler,” IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, vol. 18, no. 9, pp. 626-628, 2008. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/LMWC.2008.2002466
 A. Mirzaei et al., “Analysis and Optimization of Direct-Conversion Receivers with 25% Duty-Cycle Current-Driven Passive Mixers,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, vol. 57, no. 9, pp. 2353-2366, 2010. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/TCSI.2010.2043014
 C. Andrews, and A. C. Molnar, “A Passive Mixer-First Receiver with Digitally Controlled and Widely Tunable RF Interface,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 2696-2708, 2010. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/JSSC.2010.2077151
 C. Andrews, and A. C. Molnar, “A Passive-Mixer-First Receiver with Baseband-Controlled RF Impedance Matching, 6dB NF, and 27dBm Wideband IIP3,” 2010 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, pp. 46-47, 2010. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/ISSCC.2010.5434056
 C. Andrews, and A. C. Molnar, “Implications of Passive Mixer Transparency for Impedance Matching and Noise Figure in Passive Mixer-First Receivers,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 3092-3103, 2010. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/TCSI.2010.2052513
 K. Nagamani, and P. R. Nai, “Design and Simulation of 2.4Ghz RF Mixer Using Passive Devices on ADS,” Indian Journal of ResearchParipex, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 329-332, 2015.
 Surbhi K. Meherwal, and S. R. Diwate, “Design a RF Mixer Using ADS,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 3, no. 7, pp. 1823-1826, 2016.
 R. Michaelsen et al., “An X-band Schottky Diode Mixer in SiGe Technology with Tunable Marchand Balun,” International Journal of Microwave and Wireless Technologies, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 965-976, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1759078716001069
 T. Zhang et al., “Mixing It Up: A Double-Balanced Mixer with Wide RF and IF Bandwidth,” IEEE Microwave Magazine, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 106-111, 2018. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/MMM.2017.2759659
 Yan Pu et al., “A 3 GHz to 10 GHz GaAs Double Balanced Mixer,” 2017 IEEE 3rd Information Technology and Mechatronics Engineering Conference, pp. 1083-1086, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/ITOEC.2017.8122521
 Abdul M. Syed, and Kanti Prasad, “Parametric Study of Insertion Losses and Antenna Pattern in Cascaded Microstrip Coupled-Line Filter Sections for Bandpass Filter Response in Microwave Band G,” International Journal of Electrical Electronics & Computer Science Engineering, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 26-34, 2018.
 Abdul M. Syed, and Kanti Prasad, “Full-Wave Analysis of Shielded Microstrip Lines on Dielectric Substrates using the Characteristic Impedance Computations with Loaded Dielectrics by Finite Element Method,” International Journal of Current Trends in Engineering & Technology, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 143-151, 2018.
 NI-AWR website, 2022. [Online]. Available: http://www.ni.com/awr
 Agilent Technologies, “HSMS-282x Series, Surface Mount RF Schottky Barrier Diodes,” © 2000 Technical Data Sheet ver. 5968-8014E (1/00).
 Khalifa et al., “New Design of a Broadband Microwave Zero Bias Power Limiter,” International Journal of Computer, Electrical, Automation, Control and Information Engineering, vol. 9, pp. 164-167, 2015.
 K. Echchakhaoui et al., “An Evolved Design of a Zero Bias Broadband Microstrip Power Limiter,” 2017 International Conference on Wireless Technologies, Embedded and Intelligent Systems, pp. 1-4, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1109/WITS.2017.7934684
 Khalifa Echchakhaoui et al., “A New Design of Zero Bias Power Limiter Based on Schottky and PIN Diodes,” Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Computing and Wireless Communication Systems, pp. 1-6, 2017. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.1145/3167486.3167514
 Abdul M. Syed, “RF Front End Receiver Section Integration for MMIC Based Advanced Wireless Communication Systems,” University of Massachusetts Lowell ProQuest Dissertations, 2020.
 S. R. R. Yarragunta, “G-Band Double Balanced Mixer in Tandem with High-Speed ADC for Baseband Signal Processing in RF Communication Systems,” University of Massachusetts Lowell ProQuest Dissertations, 2020.
 IMS 2019, “The 2019 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium Program Book,” IWTH8 David Ricketts, 2019.
 The World’s Microwave information resources, website, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://www.microwaves101.com, and https://www.everythingrf.com
 Proposal to Ray Stata, Contemplating the development of Novel 5G RF Transceiver MMIC chipset – Flowchart and research model for UML Research proposal No. 35120 titled., Design Simulation with Exhaustive Testing of MMIC Transceiver Chipset using RF-ECAD deployable in 5G Mobile Communications, Prof. Kanti Prasad, UMass Lowell ECE Dept.-Lowell, MA 01854, 2020.
 Keysight’s Premier High-Frequency and High Speed Design Platform, Advanced Design System version 2016.01, website, 2023. [Online]. Available: https://www.keysight.com/in/en/lib/software-detail/computer-software/pathwave-advanced-design-system-ads-software-2212036.htm